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Modern History Question, Coursework Example

Pages: 6

Words: 1655

Coursework

In what way was Korea’s relationship with china and japan similar to that of Iran relationship with Britain and Russia in the late 19th century?

Both were object of completion between two great powers. Both were of strategic importance to both powers both were at one time and another under the individual nation’s sphere of influence. Both became important for a specific resource with Iran it was oil with Korea it was a source of rice. Both were used to solve domestic problems in the countries that wanted them.

What did china and japan get out of this relationship with Korea?

Japans military was able to garner more power and support domestically when it managed to annex Korea from china. It managed to gain a strategic advantage with a series of treaties that were to its advantage. This was both china and japan that benefitted them both economically.

What did Britain and Russia get with its relationship with Iran?

The great game or the tournament of shadows was rivalry between the two great powers for Britain it was its fear of Russia threating to take its crown India. Iran was a buffer state a place to keep its troops and later it was competition to control Iran’s oil.

What were the consequences for Korea and Iran? And Why

In Iran it resulted in the Persian Constitutional Revolution, and the fall of the Qajar dynasty. In Korea it ended with the complete colonization of Korea. This was because the latter countries declined and could no longer keep up the rivalry and World War 2.

Wilsonian idealism came to play at the end of world war one. This was where the great powers in effect made Paris the center of government. Woodrow Wilson pushed for his now infamous 14 points one of which was self-determination. His determination that peoples and provinces should not be battered like pieces in a chess board meant that they should be respected and all people should have a right to govern themselves if they so wished in a manner that they so wished.

Where these principles followed?

Not all of them somewhere like the creation of the League of Nations. The hopes of treating Germany kindly were destroyed by the guilty war close of the treaty of Versailles. Germany was made to pay hefty reoperations to the victors. The Ottoman Empire was carved up among Britain and France this included the whole of the Arabian Peninsula. Almost every point was either ignored or reinterpreted he did get the creation of a polish state.

What were the global consequences of these ideas?

The plan contributed in the creation in the treaty of Versailles. 4 of the 14 points were included in the treaty unscathed. The other points though included were either ignored or reinterpreted to suit the victors. For example the British and the French took over the territories of the Ottoman Empire in the Middle East. The consequences were far reaching. The map of Europe had been rewritten and most importantly it sowed the seeds of war in the future. The League of Nations was a toothless tiger.

3B. Discuss the back ground of the great depression and two policies that helped bring the country out of the depression why they worked.

Tight monetary policy as well as the raising the Fed fund rates led to the crash of the stock market in 1929. 9000 banks failed throughout the United States. Purchasing power dramatically fell across the board that led to massive layoffs. Barrier to trade were raised by most countries exacerbating the crisis. There is consensus that a massive loss of consumption and investment spending contributed to the cause of the crash. Over farming and drought rendered a million acres of land worthless and unused this raised food prices. The government under Roosevelt instituted a wide seeping policy called the new deal. This was meant to solve the problems of the depression. Two programs that were very effective were Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) that sort to get unemployed Americans back to work. The CCC was responsible for the building of many government projects like roads and railways a lot like Obama’s stimulus package that seeks to the same thing. The social security act was meant to bring relief to senior citizens and is still in effect today. It is still one of the most popular programs today.

4b How did their system work, how were they changing and how close were they?

The system was known as Taisho democracy which was a parliamentary system. Though the Taisho system was not a true democracy. There was no universal suffrage but all men could at least vote and for the first time a peasant had become the prime minister. It was a two party political system controlled by a small group of elderly states men who advised the king at the top.

What happened to this process and why did it end

. Over time the military began to become stronger and stronger. All political leader and business people of influence were either samurai or ex-samurai. This also led to a rise in monopolies. The great depression helped the military rise to power and put an end to democracy. There was also considerable success in foreign policy that saw wealth rise in japan. The military demanded to have aggressive action overseas this the people supported and convinced them they were there right full leaders. Constant cabinet change, government inefficiency, economic hard ship and strikes led to its collapse.

What was the opposing and what was their plan?

There was no opposition as such. The army was the opposition their strategy was to unite the people with victory abroad. Proof of this is the Manchuria crisis that occurred without consent form the central government. The Guandong Army is the ones who invaded Manchuria. There were however ultra-nationalist secret societies. Whose aim was more of a fascist nature?

How where there plans related to the conflicts on the continent?

The opposition to the government was the ordinary people and the military no government had established full control. There plans was to galvanize the people behind their imperialist ambitions this would be done through success abroad and all the riches it would bring for example the increased rice from its colonize dropped the price at home which won the military popular support culminating in general Hedeki being pronounce prime minister of japan.

Why did japan enter the axis alliance with European fascist?

Japan felt it got a raw deal from the previous treaties and the axis and the impending war would give it Asia as its sphere of influence. Japan wanted to dominate Asia.

 What Germany gets from it?

Germany had a buffer against America with japan by its side as well as a resource partner that was able to circumvent some of the restriction the European powers placed on it.

What did japan get from it?

Japan was unhappy with unequal commercial treaties with the west and the lack of respect they felt they didn’t get as a major power they had wanted more from the treaty of Versailles

Why would japan believe military aggression was a legitimate way to achieve their goals?

The military was the old samurai order only with modern order they believed in honor and respect. A left over from the meiji restoration. They felt that the rejection of the racial equality clause was a rejection of them as a people as well. They felt their grievances were never properly addressed. Militarism was the doctrine pursued by the state than believed this is the way they should conduct all the affairs socially and politically. They also believed the strength of the military was equal to the strength of the nation.

What were Japan main objectives on world war 2 and pearl harbor attack?

They also want access to natural resources to keep japan as a powerful and self-sufficient empire. The Japanese military was asked to devise a war plan.  Japan wanted do have a defensive perimeter that encompassed Burma, the East Indies, Malaysia, and the Philippines. The only thing that could stop them was the American fleet so they decided to destroy it so that it would not threaten them. They also bet the Americans were not ready for a long protracted war.

6 How and why did Germany become a big enemy Of the war?

Germany first sided with the Austria-Hungarians after the assassination of Prince Ferdinand and promised protection. In fact it had agitated for war. The triple alliance and other treaties that were signed between the powers meant that an attack on one was an attack on all. Without Germany efforts and issuing of blank checks of protection the war would have been delayed at the very least.

How was this war between European powers a world war?

This is because the Europeans powers ruled the world there were only about 32 countries in the world. Each was involved in the war at one point or another even neutral Switzerland was holding money for all the sides. The whole world was involved the colonies had troops sent for example.

How was nationalism important in the Middle East?

It was promoted by Britain and France in order to make it easier to annex from the Ottoman Empire. By promoting tribal alliances it made it easier for the two powers to carve up and divide the Middle East between themselves. By promoting their own national identity apart from their Islamic one it would help in their policy of divide and rule.

What was the effect of nationalism and world war one on the Middle East?

Various nationalist movements formed all over the Middle East. Nation states formed around this nationalism and under the influence of the big powers and there interests for instance the Suez Canal was of great strategic importance to the British cannot be understated. The collapse of the Ottoman Empire paved the way for strong nationalist movements to cement themselves. Britain ruled Egypt only for 40 years as a testament to this strong nationalistic drive. Wilsonian Ideas of self-determination was never lost on the nationalists.

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