The Conquests of Alexander the Great and Analysis of the Legacy of His Empire, Essay Example

Alexander was merely 20 when he changed into king of Macedonia. He previously experienced numerous ways ready to rule by- his father, that has taken Alexander the great along on different military campaigns and offered him control of this particular cavalry together with the authentic noticeable fight of Chaeronea. “After his father’s murder, Alexander relocated fast to claim his ability, securing the Macedonian frontiers and obstructing a rebellion inside Hellenic republic. He subsequently looked on to his father’s dream, the attack of Persian Kingdom”( al , 2010). This paper will advise Alexander the great Conquest then analyze the legacy of his empire.


Alexander’s Conquest

Generally there is no believe that  Alexander the great was taking a potential throughout attacking the Persian Empire, which had been however a strong state. In the spring of 334 B.C.E, Alexander the great joined Asia Minimal with a military of 37,000 guys. Almost 1 / 2 were Macedonians, the remainder Greeks plus additional allies. The cavalry, that act an appreciable part as as being a striking force, numbered about 5,000. Alexander’s initial confrontation along with all Persians, at a struggle at the Granicus River throughout 334 B.C.E., almost worth him his life however, lead inside a big victory. By the following spring, the entire western 1 / 2 of Asia Minor was within Alexander’s hands.

“Meantime, the Persian king, Darius III, mobilized his forces to stop Alexander’s navy. Genuinely though Persian troops outnumbered Alexander’s, the Struggle of Difficulties was fought in regards to a narrow field which finished is generally considerably superior numbers and inside different Macedonian achievements” (Kuhret, 2010).After his victory at Barriers inside 333 B.C.E, Alexander relocated to south, and by the wintertime of 332, Syria, Palestine, subsequently Egypt were underneath his domination. He took the standard title of pharaoh of Egypt and also found the initial sort of towns named after him as the Conventional administrative capital of Egypt. It was (consequently stays today) among Egypt’s simultaneously as the Mediterranean planets several significant villages.

In 331 B.C.E. Alexander renewed his offensive, moved into the place connected alongside the historical Mesopotamian kingdoms, plus battled a important struggle with the Persians at Gaugamela, northwest of Babylon. After his victory, Alexander registered Babylon not to mention subsequently carry on and the Persian capitals at Susa plus Persepolis, where he acquired the Persian treasuries plus took control of big amounts of silver and gold. By 330, Alexander was again in regards to the march, trying Darius. After Darius was damaged by amidst his very own men, Alexander took the title consequently workplace of Fantastic King for the Persians. But the Alexander wasn’t content to unwind alongside all the spoils connected with all the Persian Empire. Over the following 3 yrs, he relocated east afterward northeast, thus far because contemporary Pakistan.

By the warmer of 327 B.C.E., he had registered India, then that at the time was separated into a amount of warring says. Inside 326 B.C.E., Alexander great armies appeared within the flatlands of western India. At the Struggle for the Hydaspes River, Alexander earned a brutally battled battle. Whenever Alexander prepared well-defined his determination to march eastern to overcome alot of India, his soldiers, fed up with campaigning 12 months after yr, mutinied then refused to get on. Unwillingly, Alexander switched back, leading his guys across the arid lands of south Persia. Circumstances in the wilderness were appalling; the raging sunshine and absence of H2O induced thousands of deaths before Alexander smart remaining troops hit Babylon. Alexander planned nonetheless more promotions, within 323 damaged from damages, vomiting, plus possibly excessive alcohol usage, he died at age 30 few.

The legacy of Alexander

Alexander is amidst the various puzzling awesome figures throughout background. Historians depending upon the same sources draw greatly countless thoughts of him. “A wide array of them present him because a perfect visionary and others as being a ruthless Machiavellian. Alexander ushered absolutely within brand-new age, the original Hellenistic era” (Burgan, M. ,2006).

The expression Hellenistic frequently is inspired by a Conventional info intending “to imitate Greeks”. It’s a awesome appropriate system, afterward, to spell out a particular age which watched the entire growth related to the Traditional code then inspirations to be able to the genuine non Artistic significant the Main Eastern. Alexander’s destruction for the Persian monarchy built possibilities for Conventional specialists, intellectuals, services, soldiers, plus owners. Those that followed Alexander huge successors took element inside a political unity based found at the principle of monarchy.

“His successors selected force which would establish martial monarchies that dominated the genuine Hellenistic world after his death. Autocratic energy switched into a general component of all the those Hellenistic monarchies and also wanted upwards aspect of Alexander’s political legacy so as to the Hellenistic. His vision of empire definitely inspired the Romans, who were, unmistakably, the genuine heirs of Alexander’s legacy. Alexander left a public legacy” (Heckel, 2009). Considering a result of his conquests, Conventional dialects, art, architecture, eventually writing scatter throughout the center Eastern. The entire urban amenities connected with all the Hellenistic age, based by Alexander remarkable successors, was springboards for the scatter of Conventional society. When the Greeks spread out most of their society inside the east, the two were also inevitably influenced by east techniques. Thus Alexander’s legacy built among the casual features related to all Hellenistic world: the clean plus blend of various societies


Alexander constantly appeared endowed by luck; it was as potential usually favors the equipped attention.  “The image of Alexander as hero obscures his deep intellect, the kingdom of the strategist and logistician where shrewd good judgment and patience trump heroics. He could not have subdued Greece, destroyed the Persian Empire, and rampaged down the Indus had he not planned and weighed his moves carefully” (Heckel, 2009).But whenever time came to use it, he spent no time. The tempo then speed of his surgeries was usually operating across the choice process of his foe. Alexander represents the entire span of Traditional animation, for they have a Achilles from Epaminondas; they have additionally anything for the spirit of Pericles, political awareness then enjoy of beauty plus truth. in him more than in Alcibiades nature showed her force, then he would not waste her presents like Alcibiades failed to appreciate, he could devote these presents to perfect jobs, then inside his brief lifetime he did minimal damage, plus much first-rate. Alexander the remarkable launched a fresh era within the background of planet, plus by his life’s function determined its development for numerous decades




Burgan, M., (2006), Alexander the great: world conqueror. Retrived from EBSCOhost online database.

Heckel, W., (2009), Alexander the Great: a new history. Retrieved from Google Ebooks.

Kuhrt, A.; Briant, P., (2010), Alexander the Great and his empire: a short introduction. Retrieved from Google ebooks.