A group is a collection of individuals who maintain a constant relationship in terms of contact and close interaction. The individuals usually have mutual influence on each other and work together to achieve common goals. Group decision making involves employees coming together and making uniform decisions in an organization (Gerald R. Ferris, 1995).
There are various ways in which an organization can prepare employees for a shift from individual decision-making and responsibility, to group decision making.
One way is through the organization of group activities and events within the organization. Events like a sports day for the employees that involve competition among teams will foster team spirit. This will make them improve their group decision-making skills and move away from individual responsibility (Linda Roussel, 2006).
Secondly, an organization can foster group decision making and responsibility among employees by rewarding and recognizing individuals who have worked better as a team than as individuals. Recognizing such achievements will make the employees appreciate the importance of group responsibility, and embrace it.
Another way that an organization can prepare its employees for group decision making is by laying down structures. This will ensure group accountability in case of a problem or an achievement within the organization. This will help the employees learn to take collective responsibility of all actions in the organizations (T.W, 2008).
Delegation is another tool of preparing employees for group decision making and responsibility. An organization that allows employees to exploit their potential to the maximum enhances their preparedness for a shift to group responsibility. This is because each employee will be confident of performing any tasks in the organization at any level if given an opportunity (T.W, 2008).
In conclusion, group decision making and responsibility is a trait, which an organization can instill in its employees by simply formulating and implementing specific operating procedures. By maintaining the above policies and activities, an organization will have its employees more prepared for a shift towards group decision making and responsibility.
Gerald R. Ferris, S. D. (1995). Handbook of human resource management. New York: Wiley-Blackwell,.
Linda Roussel, R. C. (2006). Management and leadership for nurse administrators. Michigan: Jones & Bartlett Learning,.
T.W, B. (2008). organizational psychology A scientist practitioner approach. New York: Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.