Hypothetical Research Designs, Essay Example
Researchers commonly use two methods of research processes. It is important to note that, quantitative study, which uses numerical determiners to determine the communication, can be used. The subsequent analysis process is a qualitative study, which uses symbols to denote the existence of occurrence or classify them into diverse types. Qualitative and quantitative observations supply researchers with diverse ways of operational and quantifying sensible concepts. On the other hand, quantitative techniques enhances the provision of a high degree of measurement accuracy and statistical authority, qualitative methods can provide immense knowledge about the character of communication procedures in a research setting (Gardner, 2012). A researcher experiences a number of pros of applying both the quantitative and qualitative techniques in management research. Quantitative methods ensure high levels of reliability of gathered data. Qualitative research, on the other hand, allows for obtaining more in-depth data concerning the managers perceived management communication authority and its relationship with the performance.
Quantitative study involves counting and quantification of events and the numerical analysis of a collection of numerical information. The hypothesis behind the positivist model is that there is an ideal reality existing in the universe that is both measurable and clarified scientifically. The primary concerns of the quantitative model are that measurement is valid, legitimate, and general in its easy prediction of cause and consequence. Being particularistic and deductive, quantitative analysis anchors on the formulation of research theories and verifying them on set of information. Scientific theories rely on personal values, biases, thus preferences attributed to individualism have no position in the quantitative approach. The researchers can analyze the communication system as concrete and physical and can analyze it with no contact with the concerned persons in the process of communication. The potency of the quantitative technique includes stating the research problem in highly detailed and set terms, clearly and accurately outlining the dependent and also the independent variables under investigation. The strengths also involve firmly following the initial set of research aims, arriving at a more objective finding, testing theories, determining the matters of causation, and achieving high standards of reliability of gathered information due to restricted observations, laboratory tests, mass surveys, and other forms of research. It is also necessary to eliminate or decrease subjectivity of judgment and allow for measures of future presentation of research subjects.
Conversely, the flaws of the quantitative method include failure to supply the researcher with data on the context of the case where the studied incident occurs (Andexer, 2008). Failure also attributed to the inability to control the location where the individual provides solutions to the queries in the survey. The other limitation also involves limited results to only those summarized in the original research plan due to closed ended questions and the prearranged format. Not encouraging the developing and ongoing examination of a research occurrence also is a failure of the same method.
The concern of qualitative researchers in their research is attempting to describe correctly , decode, and analyze the meanings of events occurring in their ordinary social environments. The researchers working within the structure of the interpretative model focused on finding the complexity, legitimacy, and contextualization, shared prejudice of both the researched and the researcher, and reduction of illusion. Qualitative study in general is more possible to take place in a natural environment. This is a clear indication that topics for study focus on daily routines as experienced by individuals in the course of their daily chores. Qualitative research, on the other hand, is less probable to impose limiting a priori classification on the gathering of information. It is less fueled by theories and categorical structures and more apprehensive with emergent matters and idiographic structures. Expanding the fundamental viewpoint of the interpretative model, one can name three features of qualitative test. First, qualitative study involves symbolic discussion that involves the study of texts and communication. Secondly, it involves the study of the interpretive values that individuals use to make logic of their figurative activities. Thirdly, qualitative research concerned with the examination of contextual values, such as the task of the participants, the objective setting, and a set of occurrences that guide the explanation of discourse. The potency of the qualitative research methods includes obtaining a more sensible feel of the universe that cannot be acknowledged in the numerical information, and statistical study used in the quantitative study. Supple ways to perform information collection, later analysis, and decoding of collected information contribute to the strengths of the method. Provision of a detailed view of the problem under investigation, the ability to relate with the study subjects in their own terms and language and descriptive ability based on main and unstructured information.
It is noteworthy that the qualitative method is characterized by various weaknesses. First, it is pertinent to note that it departs from the initial goals of research in reply to the changing form of the context. Another weakness is arriving at diverse findings based on similar information relying on the individual characteristics of the researcher. The failure of the qualitative technique to establish the causation between different research phenomena and lack of consistency and reliability due to the diverse probing techniques involved and selectiveness of the subject regarded as a weakness.
Sometimes, it becomes difficult to explain the disparity in the quality or quantity of the data obtained collected from diverse individual and arriving at diverse, non-consistent inferences. Requiring a high standard of expertise from the researcher to acquire the targeted information from the individual also acts as a weakness to this method.
Management researchers deemed to contain challenges due to educational, linguistic, business practice, and communication disparity of the study participants, survey individuals, and interviewees. Merging quantitative and qualitative techniques help to avert some of these difficulties and lead others. Mixed research methods act as a middle ground for the two methods of research.
The researcher employs both quantitative and qualitative techniques to obtain information regarding the team performance and that of management. The quantitative part of the research includes the use of research questionnaires (Mitchell, 2012). The qualitative part of the research includes the use of semi-structured interviews. The objective of the interviews is to acquire more comprehensive in relation to how the managers see the management and its relationship with the performance. The quantitative method allows the researcher to collect information from individuals in the numerical style, to exercise objective decisions, to attain a high level of dependence and accuracy. The descriptive statistical analyses used in quantitative methods include the tests, the examination of variance, and the connection analysis. Employing the quantitative method allows the researcher to outline the research problem in highly particular, definable, and set conditions. It should point out the independent and the outcome variables whilst paying tribute to the initial research goals. The method should also achieve high standards of reliability of collected data because of enormous surveying and test the hypotheses. The method should help in arriving at conclusions that are more objective through minimization of judgment.
The qualitative method allows the researcher to describe the perceptions of management more accurately and thoroughly. The respondents provide more reliable and open responses because they act in their ordinary organizational environments. The researcher discovers new themes and interpretations of the management construct because of the absence of the restrictive a priory classifications and judgment. Employing the qualitative method allowed the researcher to collect the primary data in a flexible, nonstructural way that allowed the emergence of new information and interpretations of management communication competence. The method assists in interacting with the research issues in their language and, in most of the situations, at their own work environments. It becomes necessary to understand management communication competence as a more holistic and complex construction. It is imperative to obtain a more attainable and hands-on feel of the universe that cannot be witnessed in the numerical information and statistical analysis used in quantitative research (Triodi, 1983).
This management studies employed both quantitative and qualitative methods of inquiry. Quantitative techniques ensured high standards of gathered information. Qualitative manner allowed for getting more in-depth data. The use of diverse research techniques allowed building on the attributes of each method and reducing their weaknesses. The using of both methods of inquiry in management studies ensures reliability of information. It is also important to note that it enhances the openness and flexibility of the information.
Andexer, T. (2008). A Hypothetical Enhanced Renewable Energy Utilization(EREU) Model for Electricity Generation in Thailand. GRIN Verlag.
Gardner, D. (2012). When to Use What Research Design. Guilford Press.
Mitchell, M. (2012). Research Design Explained. Cengage Learning.
Triodi, T. (1983). Evaluative research for social workers. Prentice-Hall.
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