HIRE A WRITER!
Paper Types
Disciplines

Learning Theories, Essay Example

Pages: 1

Words: 371

Essay

Compare and contrast the following learning theories: expectancy theory, social learning theory, reinforcement theory, information-processing theory. Provide examples of situations in which each theory might prove most effective in an employee training and development program in an organization. How do each of these theories relate to the learning process?

Learning Theories

The similarity among the four process motivation theories is their focus on understanding how employees choose behaviors to fulfill their needs. However, they are very different in how they perceive employee motivation. Expectancy theory (Noe, p. 147)is based on this formula: motivation = expectancy x valence (Armstrong, 2009, p. 326).The employees weigh the worth of the performance over goals that must be achieved. In stark contrast with the expectancy theory, informationprocessing theory examines how employees go about selecting rewards with which to meet needs (Noe, p. 149).Social Learning theory suggests individual behavior is determined by a person’s cognitions and social environment (Noe, p. 143).This theoryalso emphasizes the importance of internal psychological factors, especially expectancies about the value of goals and the employee’s ability to reach them (Armstrong, 2009, p. 327).

The Reinforcement approach (Noe, p. 142)to employee motivation sidesteps the issue of employee needs and thinking processes described in the information processing theories (Armstrong, 2009, p. 322). However, change of the Social Learning Theory do allow for the effect of employees’ perceptions of the rewards/punishments obtained by others as a contributor to motivation (p. 327). Thus, an employee is not just affected by the consequences of his own action at work, but is able to infer “appropriate” (p. 327) behavior from what he sees as the consequences for others of their behavior.

The difference of emphasis is apparent in information-processing theory when expectancy theory is examined. For example, with expectancy theory employees tend to be motivated by projects where the success rate is high. By contrast, information-processing theories are concerned with directing internal processes and workers actions appropriately and put more emphasis onthat “training content is learned and retained” (Noe, p. 149).

References

Armstrong, Michael. (2009). Armstrong’s Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. Kogan Page Publishers.

Noe. Employee Training & Development 4E. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. (I really don’t knowwhat’s the date of publication of the document you provided. Could you please provide it by yourself? Thank you!)

Time is precious

Time is precious

don’t waste it!

Get instant essay
writing help!
Get instant essay writing help!
Plagiarism-free guarantee

Plagiarism-free
guarantee

Privacy guarantee

Privacy
guarantee

Secure checkout

Secure
checkout

Money back guarantee

Money back
guarantee

Related Essay Samples & Examples

Protections of the Fifth Amendment, Essay Example

The Fifth Amendment in the U.S. Constitution awards several different rights to individuals within the area of due process and judicial consideration.  First of all, [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 241

Essay

Fourth Amendment Rights, Essay Example

The Fourth Amendment in the U.S. Constitution awards citizens with rights of property and privacy.  This amendment directly covers the topic of search, seizure and [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 241

Essay

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Essay Example

According to the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution, Thomas Jefferson expressed reasons of alleged abuses detailed in both documents which gave rise [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 839

Essay

Civil Rights vs Terrorisms, Essay Example

Abstract Since the tragedy of September 11, U.S. Congress has initiated legislation to combat terrorism. In 2006 the United States President gave orders to military [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 1339

Essay

Checks and Balances in Health Care Reform, Essay Example

The first three articles of the United States Constitution effectively discuss the powers of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government.  A critical component [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 923

Essay

Racial Profiling Does Not Exist, Essay Example

There is a severe problem within the law enforcement in the today’s society. A number of us are afraid of making the arrests and apply [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 589

Essay

Protections of the Fifth Amendment, Essay Example

The Fifth Amendment in the U.S. Constitution awards several different rights to individuals within the area of due process and judicial consideration.  First of all, [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 241

Essay

Fourth Amendment Rights, Essay Example

The Fourth Amendment in the U.S. Constitution awards citizens with rights of property and privacy.  This amendment directly covers the topic of search, seizure and [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 241

Essay

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Essay Example

According to the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution, Thomas Jefferson expressed reasons of alleged abuses detailed in both documents which gave rise [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 839

Essay

Civil Rights vs Terrorisms, Essay Example

Abstract Since the tragedy of September 11, U.S. Congress has initiated legislation to combat terrorism. In 2006 the United States President gave orders to military [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 1339

Essay

Checks and Balances in Health Care Reform, Essay Example

The first three articles of the United States Constitution effectively discuss the powers of the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government.  A critical component [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 923

Essay

Racial Profiling Does Not Exist, Essay Example

There is a severe problem within the law enforcement in the today’s society. A number of us are afraid of making the arrests and apply [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 589

Essay