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Question and Response Paper, Essay Example

Pages: 3

Words: 958

Essay

Explain and provide an example of the following conceptualizations of “federalism”:

    1. Marble Cake- defines the notion of the existence of overlapping jurisdictions that define the overall systems of governance applied in particular cases involving administrative proceedings. An example of which could include the process by which drug addiction is being contained in a nation; not only does the process involve one institution but instead it involves the collaborative existence of different institutions
    2. Dual-this describes the aspect by which the government operates under a condition of layered distinction on the role that each institution take into account. The government’s involvement in both the executive and legislative operations defines the dual power that is imposed through the concept of dual federalism.
    3. Cooperative-cooperation between all of the different institutions of the government working altogether specifically defines this concept of federalism. The attempt to set national requirement for teachers and making sure that all educational institutions support the said requirements accordingly specifically proves this concept of the said form of governance.
    4. Picket Fence- a type of federalism that invokes the capacity of the local and national governments to create distinct decisions together. Instances involving national criminal cases could actually be a specific example of this concept of federalism.
    5. New- notes the process by which the state tries to gain more authority over their subjects; this is aimed to bring more control for the government especially in the aspect of earning more for the national fund. In the hope of responding to the financial crack that happened in the past, the governments tried to take charge of most of the procedure of economic rehabilitation options.

Reference:

Senn, Marcell. Sovereignty – Some critical Remarks on the Genealogy of Governance. Journal on European History of Law, London: STS Science Centre, Vol. 1, No. 2, pp. 9–13.

Explain the major assumptions of Public Choice Theory. Public Choice Theorists have claimed that citizens “vote with their feet”. Explain what this comment means and provide an example.

This specific theory defines the condition by which people tend to choose their leaders, likely also choosing the agenda that would provide a better sense of defining their lifestyle. The aspect of voting with their feet is specifically indicated as the process by which people mindlessly choose their leaders not really thinking as to what these people would have to contribute to their system of living. An example of which is when people depend on popularity of candidates when they are trying to vote for the leaders of their nation.

Reference:

Black, Duncan (1958). The Theory of Committees and Elections. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Buchanan, James M. (1967). Public Finance in Democratic Process: Fiscal Institutions and Individual Choice, UNC Press.

Explain the “dirty hands dilemma”. Describe an incident in government in which an action that is normally considered immoral, might be considered appropriate or even preferable. (You must provide an illustration. “There are none” is not an acceptable answer.

This dilemma is defined through the process by which the leader embraces a particular process of administration that is highly immoral in the concept of civil rights and limitations. An example of this is that of the existence of corruption among leaders enjoined in the administration. An illustration to this is that of the process by which a spoiled tomato is mixed with good tomatoes and the whole batch becomes damaged; the same thing is true when it comes to the manner by which only one among the administrators is doing something wrong, all the others get affected especially in relation to the reputation they take in front of the society.

Reference:

Faith, JM. The Problem of Dirty Hands: The Moral Dilemma of Public Life. http://oai.dtic.mil/oai/oai?verb=getRecord&metadataPrefix=html&identifier=ADA098419. (Retrieved on November 8, 2013)

Explain the contributions each of the following scholars have made to management theory:

    1. Max Weber
      • Weber imposes on the need of the society to be specifically structured in relation to how they are supposed to function for the sake of aiding the development of the whole community of people living in one area [and relatively affecting the larger scope of the operative administration].
    2. Frederick Winslow Taylor
      • Taylor insisted on the aspect by which the management of the people should be get the core attention from the administrators as this is the only practical way by which the resources are to be managed accordingly as well.
    3. Luther Gulick
      • He points out that timing and democracy are two specific elements that are definitely able to instantiate the manner of innovative development that societies are supposed to take into account.
    4. Chester Barnard
      • He specifically points out the importance on what executives are for and what role they should be able to take as to how they lead a particular organization. Focusing on the people and the way they perform is the specific core value of leadership and management.
    5. Herbert Simon
      • He points out that the behavior of the administrator becomes a customary pattern that all the other members of the organization follow. It is through this that other members of the organization are able to function according to the role that they are supposed to take in the institution thus affecting how the others work as well.

References:

Gomez-Mejia, Luis R.; David B. Balkin and Robert L. Cardy (2008). Management: People, Performance, Change, 3rd edition. New York, New York USA: McGraw-Hill. p. 19.

What was the “Progressive Movement”? What social and political forces fueled this movement, and how did the Progressive Movement contribute to the development of Public Administration in the United States?

This particular aspect is defined as a period of social reform that flourished in the United States between the years 1890 towards the 1920s. This was an aspect of government purification which specifically aims to cleanse the administration thus improving the progressive way by which the nation is being governed.

Reference:

Buenker, John D. and Joseph Buenker, Eds. Encyclopedia of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era. Sharpe Reference, 2005.

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