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Sleep Hygiene in Children and Adolescences, Research Paper Example

Pages: 2

Words: 614

Research Paper

Identification of topic and Statement of purpose (including health stats/facts re: importance of health issue for children

The selected topic for this research pertains to sleep hygiene in children and adolescents.Sleep hygiene is a concept relating regulation of sleep patterns. It is practiced among any age group for this discussion it is focused on children and adolescents. Its main purpose is improving quality of sleep, among the target group. In 1970 this theory was designed as a strategy to treat mild to moderate insomnia (Cho, Kim & Lee, 2013).

However, by 2014 clinicians discovered that sleep hygiene procedureswere limited in many elements and began improving upon techniques needed to enhance the sleep process. As such, sleep hygiene assessments were extended to person affected by depression, insomnia and various forms of psychological disorders. Since then recommendations have catered towards development of regular sleep patterns and applying sleep naps carefully. The suggested nap pattern is regulated away from regular bedtime apart from providing a worry free environment for the child or adolescent (Cho et.al. 2013).

Sleep hygiene is very important for children and adolescents. It is highly recommended that parents begin practicing sleep hygiene very early during infancy. Some children have a natural healthy sleep pattern, but others have to be trained and it is very difficult for some parents. Clinicians have come to recognize that while sleep patterns are relevant children are peculiar individuals and these patterns may vary. As such, a pattern, which may be suitable for one child’s growth and development may hinder another child (Cho et.al. 2013).

Developmental Milestones

Developmental Milestones Toddler 3-4 5 – 12 13 -17
Expected Gross Motor Skills These are physical skills that use large body movements such as turning, roiling over, climbing  and attempting to stand up with help Standing without help, walking, climbing, running, pushing their bodies around using their feet, throwing, catching, Climbing starirs, running up and down a stairway, lifting objects, stepping  side-ways, can throw punches and strike a ball over head or on the ground. These skills are improved and the child has more strength due to muscle enlargement to perform the skills. Accuracy in movementsare also developed.
Expected Fine Motor Skills These skills require less precision and engage the fingers and toes movement Attempts dressing, fixing items, eating  and fastening buttons Improves on skills by buttoning and unbuttoning clothes without help. Printing letters andnumbers as wel as feeding themselves independently  Develops and refines the fine motor skills from previous stages.
Erickson’s Developmental Level Trust verus mis- trust.

Inadequate trusting leads to mistrust.

Initiative versus guilt

Asserting controlover the environment

Industry versus inferiority

Feels  competent with success and ashamed of failure

Identity versus role confusion

Develops personality identity and perspectives ofself esteem.

Social or Play Expectations

 

The toddler learns to responds to cuddling and smiles when approve of interaction, but cries when emotional apin is produce. Also the toddle begins to use arms to initiate play  Develops independence exampled by refusing parents to hold their hands when crossing the street. Also learning tom play with peers engaging in a game even though it may not be sustained for a long period. .Develops more refined social behavior engaging in structured play and complying with rules set by peers.  Begin to understand social roles pertaining to sexual identity as well as family, school relationships. Also the child begins to perceive the world from a unique perspective.
         

(Hockenberry, Wilson & Wong, (2009).

References

Cho, S.  Kim, G., & Lee, J. (2013). Psychometric evaluation of the sleep hygiene index: a sample of patients with chronic pain. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes11 (1): 213.

Hockenberry, M. J., Wilson, D., & Wong, D. L. (2009). Wong’s essentials of pediatric nursing.  St. Louis, MO: Mosby/Elsevier

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