The Belief of Philosophy of Ethics, Research Paper Example
Words: 1660Research Paper
The belief of philosophy of ethics is a compromise of virtue principlesincorporating the art of reason, science of discursive thought, “the art of making truth prevail –
In terms of doctrine of the judgments,particularly in the social context, the concept of judgmental rights from wrongs, relies onthe view of philosophers that has the common assent or consent on the symbolism of positive behaviors for the gain of intuition, paradisiacal, andsentimentalism. This is in which influences the impact of socially acceptable behaviors to be instilled on a daily base at all settings (almost) as to modelizing the represented nouns. In contrast, to the concept of unethical behaviors which proves the demeaning of individualism or collectivism that represents unsavory behaviors for the gain of power, for some, and a recognization of foist behaviors deposited from the unrationalized belief. It is usually seen in many analogists, they do not have the belief in consciousness of physics. However, it violates ethic principals, but it is not unusual for people fighting in the war, or for the cause that may justify the rights of the wrongs. In turn, ethics are meant to define in terms of ‘morals’ for the common good and faith and hope of self and to others.
In 1950, the moral law was defined as “the work of divine Wisdom. Its biblical meaning can be defined as fatherly instruction, God’s pedagogy. It prescribes for a man in the ways of which the rules of conduct leads to the promised beatitude; it proscribes the ways of evil, which turn him away from God and his love. It is at once firm in its precepts and, in its promises, worthy of love”. Thus, there is no actual moral law as presumed as if there was an inscription in the authentic ancient Greek history. Thence, in 1960, at the time of modern civilians, the natural law, in which, encourages people not to judge a person clearly and immediately at hindersight. In the present situation, a sinful man needs grace and revelation morallyand believes the religious truths that may be known “by everyone with facility, with firm certainty and with no admixture of error .The natural law provides revealed law and grace with a foundation prepared by God and in accordance with the work of the Spirit.From the point on, a religion is in the play, but in the sense, it is adirection of an application of the morality characteristics being converted intomoral practice –An instrument to give off an aspiration is desired to comprehend the practice of morality in varying degrees. Rather, the objection forms of conduct to be inclined for punishment, whereby a regulation to a set of transaction of mundane arrangements.
A philosophical literature research estipulates on how the society depends on the opinions of many in order to form a stewardship. In 2005, an important study appears in the University of Toronto Law Journal. The author, N.E. Simmons, theorized that we take for granted from an ideathat the system must decide upon the content of the law and chooseto enact the law as those rules hope for an advancement with certain goals orimplement certain values. In other words, when these mundane arrangements employ the intrinsic values to qualify the serviceability of moral practices, it benefits the belief that embodies moral ideals are in fact isdistinguished between the nature of law and the moral law. Yet, If they pursue goals or espouse values that wedo not share, we may find that the laws they enact are not to our taste;indeed, we may sometimes consider the law to be grossly unjust. From the perspective of opinionated believers, a moral law appears to be the device for diverse purposes. It may often postulate that a humanistic value is an instrumentally valuable tool without thinking appropriately of those practices as moral neutral tools³.
This place a doubt to the idea of how principal of ethics is formulated for the gain of power as mentioned earlier above. Because of the dimensions that differentiate on the view of valued norms, in which attested the values are instilled in themselves , and not simply because valued norms guide to the accession of other valued norms. As such, the historic trajectories from different societies acquire social behavior counterparts are likely to express different preferences, heuristics, and beliefs of entailments and are likely to arrive at different social equilibria. Furthermore, there is an ample theory evidenced from psychology and sociology literature that humans acquire much of their social behavior through cultural learning(5). Although, in the course of experimental approaches to ethics, is considerablyskeptical to the belief that moral philosophy is not an art, but a science.
Hence, in the retrospective, a search for independent study to re-evaluate the precedence history of experimentalism is favored by many researchers, scholars, and scientists. As the societal trends change through time and the reason of the cause is depending on either environmental factors or economic factors that deplete the idea of moral theory. The term, experimentalism ,is defined as the doctrine relying on experimentation. The meaning of the term do not only explore the world of science and art, but also include education and business into experiment for variety of purposes and most importantly, the betterment of the individualism and for the whole community is the foremost attitude to grasp the understanding of utilitarian conceptation.
Whereas, in 1984 an article wrote by John Dewey viewed experimentalism as an irrelevant method to obtain empirical results, as he puts it, “Experimentalism is the cause of the victories won by science in the physical field, while the social field is kept as a preservesacred from the free use of experimental procedure. The result is a significance of disturbance,distortion, and misuse of the physical anatomy of science.” Interestingly enough, It is being said that true experimentalism demonstrates sustainable tests of a hypothesis and validate the adjustments before making an experiment again and in efforts of moral concerns demanding people to think of themselves, as they are the sole sources of truth and the principal of morals.
In addition, in the 2011Journal of Speculative Philosophy, an author, Eric Weber, explicated the new concept of utilizing utilitarian theory and deontological outlook in order to restore the societal values and norms in most economical feasible way. An idea of an integration method to analyze ethics on adherence predicaments and punishment paradigm for those who have misconduct code of ethics in practice delved from John Rawls’ essay is highly acclaimed by the scholars. Rawls questioned scholars on what rule of consequentialism shall a person be consequently punished for minor fraction of an unethical incident accorded to the vast of majority that agreed upon the liking of maximizing the capital punishments. Thus, scholarsshall use retributivism decisions in the light of the judicial and ethical cases. In which, advocates the punishment of criminals in retribution for the harm they have inflicted. While, Rawls concerns with other proposed rule that focus on maximizing citizens’ happiness in the fairness of the judgments and the respect for the law. They want it to treat the policy of justice for fair ethical treatments for individuals on capital punishments as referred to John Rawls “Two Concepts of Rules”.
Eric Weber elaborated the concept of Kant’s deontology using Rawls’s “Two Concepts of Rules” in consideration of citizens’ happiness of the justice will not favor citizens for fairness in justice of the unethical behavior committed. Thus, it judges based on the majority of popular vote for punishment sentencing. It is not so simple as to see that there are other factors involved in the process of weighting the decisions to give punishment for unethical behaviors according to the law. As many authors here discussed different perspectives on how to judge ethics on human services whether it is for common good or for protecting the common good. Eric Weber argued ofthe excessiveness of mob mentality, which there is no control of bias limitations of popularity vote that can move the individuals into the harsh sentencing. As it is obvious that the system have not bring the new insights into practice as ethics have been practiced over the years. An insight to integrate normative ethics along with judicial laws into a practice, in which it is the constitutional democracy, not the majority-rule-style democracy as perceived an incentive for individuals to have the fairness in judgments. It came to the thoughts of all of deontology angles that perturbates from Utilitarian, Kantian, and Consequentialism, and experimentalism as juxtaposition for an unambiguous perfunctory policy affecting the plausible judicial system. With that variety of normative ethics, uncertainties of authoritive moral law and the natural law in combine may be harsh, satire, and too broaden for judicial system to lampoon individuals into happiness with punishable results. It would not be inherently amissed for scholars to overlook the prudent of the aspersion made by the decisions of the popular vote, excluding the predominantly polarity to the John Rawls, “Two Concepts of Rules” because to the many, it would reduce obscure if Kantian theory is still used in judicial system, in despite of the complexity of the cases that may present ethical or unethical always is presumed as guilty until proven innocent, so be frank.Thus, the treatments of virtue ethics are treated different from Kantians and consequentialism as both are fundamentally different in values of the agent in nature. In the latter of normative ethics, deontology can blend the concepts of consequentialism or other ‘helping others’ noclamenture characteristics to take humanity to the reasoning. These theories in ethics tells us that there is a problem with ethics, as a result of overlapping theories are used in decision making on whether it is ethical for set behavior to act. As a result, religion and business are working on to utilize the normative ethics in everyday practices, unfortunately business do not feel it is relevant for them to perform religion activities , but maintain ethical practices with the code of conduct law in hand. That is the bottom of experimental ethics.
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