The Field of Human Resource Management, Essay Example
My Understanding and Application of Knowledge in the Field Of Human Resource Management
Human Resource Management is the job within an association that focuses on staffing, organization of employee, and provides bearing for the people who work in the organization. Human Resource Management can also be performed by managers who are well trained and there a very lucrative position as human resource manager. Human Resource Management is the managerial purpose that deals with issues that are related to employees such as the compensation, recruitment and management of the general performance, the development of the organization , the overall safety, benefits schemes motivation of the employees, communication within the organization , and training of employees in their area of specialization and finally policies formulation and implementation it is the major decision making body in an organization (Ulrich, 1996).
Primary Function of Human Resource Management EEO and Affirmative Action
Affirmative action refers to asset of principles undertaken by employers in every sector and government agencies to ensure that there’s no form of discrimination whatsoever in decision making on whether to employ or not an applicant and also in the education sector when it comes to admission of students find that some are given preferential treatment .the major function should to ensure that every one has equivalent right to secure a job regardless of his gender, race, religious belief and ethnic and cultural background ,political affiliation physical disabilities .There’s is a belief that there are certain work that are male oriented and a woman of same qualification is bound to loose the job because of her gender but this is one of the issues that affirmative action addresses (Ulrich, 1996).
Although there are no clearly set policies regarding admission some universities have voluntarily implemented the affirmative action where they admit many women and the down trodden but it’s very sad this has faced a lot of controversies. In the corporate world some employers in their application form clearly state that they do not require disabled person even though the person might have enough credentials .if this trend is left to continue the disabled persons will not be able to cope up effectively in the ever dynamic economic environment because to be lame is not a personal choice.
Human resources planning, recruitment, and selection
Human resources planning, recruitment, and selection helps an organization to employ, maintain the already employed and finally to makes sure the available labor is fully and effectively used. Employers should keep keen follow up on the changes in the trends in the labor market as this reduce waste of input applied in the recruitment process or the it is limited to small pool of labor force sometimes an organization may run short of a particular skill and this consequently calls for Avery dynamic recruitment and training process it is important for a business or an organization to put a tentative plan for it evaluate its man power requirement and put down well set strategies to deal with any deficit in the labor force .This calls for preparation of human resource plan which should precisely and to the point describe labor use, it also ensures maximum utilization of labor force and prevent incidence of redundancy. A work plan also create a dynamic work force that can cope up with ever changing environment and also regulate remunerations of employees but at the same time ensuring that the salaries are very competitive in the market, the plan should be unanimously agreed among employee and this can be achieved through consultation to avoid any resistance during implementations It is natural for an employer to pick out best person he or she can find and so when recruiting and selecting and hiring employees look for an employee with best qualification, person who has got a strong academic training and who can deliver.
After getting the smartest employee you were looking for it is important for an employer to retain him and all this start from the how recruitment was done and the procedures that were followed during the recruitment process. Hiring the best employee has posted a major challenge to most organization there fore it is important to do some background checks before hiring in the case of business it will be to costly to hire a person whose sole objective is to bring down your business the people you hire can determine the fate of the business one bad move can result to the eventual failure and collapse of business.
In today’s dynamic economic situation it is natural for business to reduce the operational cost. Business owners tend to invest heavily on the recruitment and selection hence hiring decision should be subjected to microscopic scrutiny and in depth thinking and all other factor should be considered. Background checks not only prevent on the loses caused by theft and burglary but also protect the image of the business because at the end of the day you need to network with other organization, some employees can dent the image of the company or business if they have some criminal record of where they were employed first, people of questionable integrity and malicious social behaviors are ones whom should be avoided all this important information can be gotten by performing a backgrounds checks. It is also very important to develop relation ship with your potential employees and most probably with your customer in the business set up, you can announce availability of position by a word of mouth and you can also use other social networks to source for superior employee’s social site like websites (Tchivosic, 2000).
The recruitment process should be should be very open and free from any discrimination interviews might be carried out to elimination and selection process. Interviews can be carried out by an individual or panel of interviewees and it therefore very important to ensure that the exercise is very free and fair and the affirmative action policies are considered unless the organization wants to run some law that suits it (Tchivosic, 2000). It is therefore important for interviewers to avoid discriminatory statement and other promises that might be legally binding the other thing that an interviewer should avoid making overstatements about job security. there are certain characteristic that an employer looks for in an employee this traits are very important for the ultimate success of the organization a behavioral interview can be carried out to determine if he or she exhibits the trait that may be were identified in the past.
Human resources development
Human resource development is an outline whose sole responsibility is to facilitate the development of personal and interpersonal skills a capacities, knowledge in particular area of specialization .It is multiracial and include other activities such as training of employees and career development. Human resource development is not limited in class rooms but can also be taught in organization by the human resource manager. Unlike human resource management which is a management activity, resources development is professions. At the end of service one expects to get some send off package to make them comfortable when they cease to be employees of a particular organization .In plain terms it refers to retirement plans and, it include many types of insurance for example, disability insurance, health insurance and life insurance. The benefit schemes are legally binding and it necessary requirement of the employers. In a working environment there’s likelihood of accident occurrence ,one may get injured when discharging his or her duty an organization should have clearly spelt policies and well set goals that safeguard the employee in case the most likely and inevitable events like accidents happens (Tchivosic, 2000). An attractive compensation scheme can attract and eventually retain which is the major aim of employers, to safeguard against exposure to work related accident it is very important retain liability insurance and benefit scheme. Many growing companies are investing heavily on the benefit schemes for example club membership, lunch and dinner services for employees who work at night. For instance in US the department of labor do not require employer to provide meals but may do so at will but if he does provide these service when the employee is not on duty the employer is required to count the hours as compensations.
Compensation and benefits
Although no benefit plan is appealing to every employee and infarct many companies have adopted to and trying to assimilate to the changing trends, the young companies should be flexible and dynamic enough to accommodate the varied employees as per the employees requirement and also take into considerations the ever changing economic environment this will cushion the employees from feeling the pinch on world phenomenon like global recession, for you to really know to what your employee really need you can carry out a survey or a study informally or by asking their preferences or formally designing questionnaires and letting the employees fill giving the true picture of the situation (Tchivosic, 2000).
Benefits schemes can also take the form of bonus pays this happens when an employee is paid at a higher rate per hour or per day above what he normally get although this will be reflected later in the contract letter or the employee file. There is also a policy called bereavement policy which allows an employee to take time off when bereaved. Many companies are very willing to pay individuals who have lost their beloved one and the time spent in paying tribute to their loved and other funeral arrangements one is actually paid like normal working days. They may sometime help the bereaved to deal with the legal issues like will and possession of the loved one. Bereavement policy can take many forms for example settling of hospital bill of relative of an employee and the he can also be given arrest period after the loss and be paid .when it is the employee who has passed on it is to a small extent different the company may decide to take care of the family educational need of the dead persons children, provide housing facilities and this will depend on whether the person was saving with the pension scheme.
Employee and labor relations
Employee and labor relations in organization it is very important to create a good working condition for the good and the ultimate success of the organization. Employer should work hard to create this environment. A research was carried out by our class member revealed that employees are likely to perform well in an environment which they are free and the boss and subordinate relationship is very cordial. An employee should not be denied easy access to vital information relating to his rights and his roles in an organization. Where different people come together for example in an office there is high chance that each individual will hold different opinion and it very important to respect each other opinion. In case of grievances there should be a laid down procedures in seeking redress in case one is not satisfied by the judgments of the upper authority. Although certain issues may be dealt with informally other may be taken to board rooms. When a worker is under probation his contract can be terminated if he does not live up to the expectation of the company. During this period his abilities are carefully monitored probationary period vary from one organization to the other.
Safety and Health
Safety of the employees is paramount, one can only perform effectively when he is not in constant fear of his life and worker whether they are permanently or temporarily employed should be aware of issues that impact negatively on their health. Person will not be liable for suspension when he does not report to duty due to some health complication or when you are pregnant. Every person is charged by responsibility to take care of your health there are some industries that emit harmful radiations it is therefore important to wear the protective clothing like the gas masks. The employer should also safety of their employees but all depend on the employee. It is your duty to report any injury or any sign of illness that you may suffer when you are on duty. People working in this kind of industries should have proper medical cover. (Armstrong, 2006).
Human resource management performs a multitask the most important among them is decision making on the kind of employees you need have the recruitment process and training ensuring that you hire a superior working force and be able to deal amicably with the arising issues. It also addresses the sensitive issues like compensation and benefit schemes. People working in this kind of industries should have proper medical cover for example people working in a mine where a lot of dust is released and radioactive companies that produce radioactive materials emit very short wavelength and have been believed to shorten the live span of people the employer should be aware of this risk of which his employees are exposed to. Emission from these companies has been associated with the genetic disease and cancers. It is therefore important for accompany to ensure the safety of the employee.
Human Resource Management (HRM) is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment of, management of, and providing direction for the people who work in the organization. Human Resource Management can also be performed by line managers (Mathroviz, 1999). Human Resource Management is the organizational function that deals with issues related to people such as compensation, hiring, performance management, organization development, safety, wellness, benefits, employee motivation, communication, administration, and training. Human resource management performs a multitask the most important among them is decision making on the kind of employees you need have the recruitment process and training ensuring that you hire a superior working force and be able to deal amicably with the arising issues .It also addresses the sensitive issues like compensation and benefit schemes.
Ulrich, D. (1996). Human Resource Champions. The next agenda for adding value and Delivering results. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press.
Armstrong, M. (2006). A Handbook of Human Resource Management Practice. (10th Ed.). London: Koga.
Mathroviz, H. (1999). The Labor Relation and the Employee. New York. Oxford press.
Tchivosic, S. (2000). The compensation and its Benefit within the Organization. Orlando. Computers Association.
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