Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)
HIRE A WRITER!
Paper Types
Disciplines
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)

“The Four R’s – An Alternative to the Tyler Rationale” by William E. Doll, Essay Example

Pages: 1

Words: 658

Essay

William  E. Doll Jr.’s essay “The Four R’s — An Alternative to the Tyler Rationale” focuses on  delivering a conception of school curriculum guidelines for the post-modern era.  In doll’s estimation, the classic idea of the “Three R’s:” “reading, ‘ritin, and ‘rithmitic” (Doll, 253) are concepts that well-suited the era in which these guidelines were created. Similarly,  Doll feels that contemporary education needs a general model of curriculum. In the essay, Doll lays out a plan for the use of the new “R’s.” The new guides are: richness, recursion, relation and rigor. Doll goes into extensive detail in regard to defining each of the three concepts and relating them to an overall vision of teaching and learning in the post-modern era. Most people who read the essay will grant, at least, that doll’s idea that curriculum should change to fit the  shifting demands of society and modern life, even if they doubt that his specific plan of action and recommendation  is appropriate or adequate.

Doll’s first point: richness, is pretty much self-evident. The idea refers to giving a significant degree of depth to any subject that is taught a multilayered and sophisticated approach. the reason that Doll recommends this as part of the new R’s is because depth-of-knowledge is useful not only in keeping the interest of students, but also because, according to  Doll. the richness of a curriculum should challenge, provoke, startle, and even provoke students due to the fact that these are the very qualities that are experienced in ife itself. From the first concept it is easy to see that doll intends his R’s to function in a pragmatic way and not merely as a an abstract paradigm. The idea that materials should challenge and provoke students in order to mimic the challenges and provocations of life is what can be called experiential learning. Another virtue of the concept of richness is that it can be applied to any discipline under any kind of educational circumstance.

Doll’s second concept: recursion is the use of repetition in order to facilitate learning. Doll  asserts that repetition is a solid technique for bringing students into knowledge. The fact that an idea or set or principles is repeated again and again makes it easier for students to remember key concepts. It also reinforces each element of a given curriculum bringing the element forward multiple times. As Doll points out, repetition not only has the virtue of being good for rote learning, but it brings forward an air of authority to whatever material is being taught. As he specifically indicates, something  about the repetition of intellectual concepts simply makes the concepts more workable and real to students. Again, as in the case of the first concept: richness, the idea of recursion is one that is mean to generate practical results. In this case, that the student will remember key concepts and accord them a measure of authority. recursion is also applicable across a wide range of subjects.

Doll’s third concept is: relations. According to Doll, the main point of any curriculum is that the concepts learned in one area of study should be relatable by the student to other concepts from divergent areas of study. Obviously, the two R’s already described: richness and recursion promote the  idea of relating one concept to another. In this way, students are not only taught facts, but they are taught how to use facts dynamically and they are also taught to think for themselves to produce new ideas which show a synthesis of  what they have been taught. Doll’s final “R:” rigor, seal his approach by insisting that educators remain vigilant in knowing why knowledge is perpetually threatened by bias or prejudice. rigor means keeping a sense of vigilance in the education process that stresses knowledge over tradition or the comfortable continuance of familiar ideas, even when such ideas are no longer functional.

Work Cited

Doll, William E. The Four R’s — “An Alternative to the Tyler Rationale”

 

Time is precious

Time is precious

don’t waste it!

Get instant essay
writing help!
Get instant essay writing help!
Plagiarism-free guarantee

Plagiarism-free
guarantee

Privacy guarantee

Privacy
guarantee

Secure checkout

Secure
checkout

Money back guarantee

Money back
guarantee

Related Essay Samples & Examples

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Essay Example

Compare and contrast 2 stages of Piaget. The sensory motor stage is the first recognizable of four stages in cognitive development of a person. It [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 625

Essay

Test of Dna Finds Root of Illness, Essay Example

The article selected is entitled, ‘In a First, Test of DNA Finds Root of Illness. It was written by Carl Zimmer. One specific thing I [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 628

Essay

Introspection and Reflection, Essay Example

Abstract Introspection and reflection are important components of counseling and educational practices.  The points which will be reviewed for introspection are the reflections with regards [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 1261

Essay

Nursing: Interoperability, Essay Example

Evaluate the challenges that health care organizations may face when sharing data across systems. Flow of data across systems is often inhibited due to lack [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 482

Essay

Understanding the Concept of Paternalism, Essay Example

The determination of the need to follow instructions has often led people into a determinable course of simply defining their ways according to what they [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 1923

Essay

Ikea’s Household Appeal, Essay Example

Ikea is one of the most innovative fast growing companies throughout the world. Their brand of household furniture and accessories. Ikea utilizes a wide range [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 1773

Essay

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Essay Example

Compare and contrast 2 stages of Piaget. The sensory motor stage is the first recognizable of four stages in cognitive development of a person. It [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 625

Essay

Test of Dna Finds Root of Illness, Essay Example

The article selected is entitled, ‘In a First, Test of DNA Finds Root of Illness. It was written by Carl Zimmer. One specific thing I [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 628

Essay

Introspection and Reflection, Essay Example

Abstract Introspection and reflection are important components of counseling and educational practices.  The points which will be reviewed for introspection are the reflections with regards [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 1261

Essay

Nursing: Interoperability, Essay Example

Evaluate the challenges that health care organizations may face when sharing data across systems. Flow of data across systems is often inhibited due to lack [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 482

Essay

Understanding the Concept of Paternalism, Essay Example

The determination of the need to follow instructions has often led people into a determinable course of simply defining their ways according to what they [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 1923

Essay

Ikea’s Household Appeal, Essay Example

Ikea is one of the most innovative fast growing companies throughout the world. Their brand of household furniture and accessories. Ikea utilizes a wide range [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 1773

Essay

Get a Free E-Book ($50 in value)

Get a Free E-Book

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!