Back to School Offer

Get 20% of Your First Order amount back in Reward Credits!

Get 20% of Your First Orderback in Rewards

All papers examples
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)
HIRE A WRITER!
Paper Types
Disciplines
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)

The Middle Passage, Essay Example

Pages: 2

Words: 611

Essay

This paper examines the historical perspective of the “Middle Passage”, the forced passage of African peoples to the New World as slaves.  The passage formed part of a triangular trade route used by the Europeans.  Ships set sail from Europe laded with trade goods for African exchange of people to be used as slaves in the Colonies.  From Africa they navigated a treacherous voyage across the Atlantic, where many slaves dies. Upon arrival they exchanged slaves for merchandise like Cotton or Tobacco and returned to Europe, thereby completing the triangle.  How could such treatment and forced labour be legitimized by the Europeans ?

The treatment of the African people that were rounded up for the slave trade was brutal. They were herded from their villages like cattle and taken to slave prisons on the coast awaiting transportation to the Americas.  ” Out of the roughly 20 million who were taken from their homes and sold into slavery, half didn’t complete the journey to the African coast, most of those dying along the way.”[1] (Clark 2010).

The African slaves had no idea of what fate awaited them. Many of them were terrified and thought the invading Europeans were cannibals.  The slaves shared living quarters bundled together after being chained and branded. They packed in between 300-400 people in tight quarters with little ventilation and scarcely room for buckets for waste.  Disease became rife and of the 20 million slaves exported to the Americas only 50% survived the voyage.

The disease on board the ships often spread amongst the crew and some even got ill before leaving the slave ports in  Africa ” Common hazards of the voyage, stemming from no other source than poor diet and close confinement, included scurvy and gangrene. Dehydration, caused by lack of drinking water and high loss of bodily fluids from fevers or dysentery, was a primary killer aboard the slaving vessels.” [2] (Fisher 2001).

It was on September 22nd 1862 that the US President Abraham Lincoln issued the emancipation proclamation abolishing slavery in the USA. In 1883 the British Imperial Act  had abolished slavery throughout the British Empire.  Even with the abolition the African Americans were treated as both second class citizens and a source of cheap labour. and this remained until the Irish immigrants arrived on the scene.[3] (Sound 2010)

Despite the fact that nobody could legitimise the wilful murder and treatment of human beings on such a mass scale.  History might  be looked upon less painfully if it galvanised a nation of African American people who fought for civil rights / liberties and ultimately became a beacon of hope for suppressed people everywhere. ” But, if this part of our history could be told in such a way that those chains of the past, those shackles that physically bound us together against our wills could, in the telling, become spiritual links that willingly bind us together now and into the future – then that painful Middle Passage could become, ironically, a positive connecting line to all of us whether living inside or outside the continent of Africa.” [4] (Feelings 2010)

Works Cited

Clark, Rachel. People and Events. 2010. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p277.html (accessed 3 28, 2010).

Feelings, Tom. The Middle Passage. 2010. http://www.juneteenth.com/story.htm (accessed 3 28, 2010).

Fisher, Mel. A slave Ship – Wreck of the Henrietta Marie. 2001. http://www.melfisher.org/exhibitions/henriettamarie/middlepassage.htm (accessed 3 28, 2010).

Sound, Owen. Black History In Canada. 2010. http://www.osblackhistory.com/history.php (accessed 3 28, 2010).

[1] Clark, Rachel. People and Events. 2010. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part1/1p277.html (accessed 3 28, 2010).

[2] Fisher, Mel. A slave Ship – Wreck of the Henrietta Marie. 2001. http://www.melfisher.org/exhibitions/henriettamarie/middlepassage.htm (accessed 3 28, 2010).

[3] Sound, Owen. Black History In Canada. 2010. http://www.osblackhistory.com/history.php (accessed 3 28, 2010).

[4] Feelings, Tom. The Middle Passage. 2010. http://www.juneteenth.com/story.htm (accessed 3 28, 2010).

Time is precious

Time is precious

don’t waste it!

Get instant essay
writing help!
Get instant essay writing help!
Plagiarism-free guarantee

Plagiarism-free
guarantee

Privacy guarantee

Privacy
guarantee

Secure checkout

Secure
checkout

Money back guarantee

Money back
guarantee

Related Essay Samples & Examples

Email and Voicemail Monitoring, Essay Example

When it comes to email and voicemail monitoring, it is important to consider the implications of these actions on behalf of both the employee as [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 340

Essay

Description of Place: A Forest, Essay Example

The logic behind the significance of specific locations to individuals inevitably varies. Some places may hold pertinence since they are the sites of important personal [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 315

Essay

Quality Management System, Essay Example

Customer needs and expectations are the products any customer attaches to a company and knows that he or she will get it when need arises. [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 337

Essay

What Does It Take To Be a Good Parent Assignment, Essay Example

The issue of what does it take to be a good parent is contentious, insofar as the thematic remains susceptible to subjective interpretations. One may [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 330

Essay

Human Rights Violations and the Legal System, Essay Example

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (hereinafter: UDHR), advanced by the United Nations General Assembly in 1947, was a watershed moment, insofar as with this [...]

Pages: 4

Words: 1122

Essay

The Critical Consulting Firm, Essay Example

Week 5 Issues The CanGo operation provides interesting insights into, unfortunately, how to conduct employee relations poorly. This is obviously not the company’s intent; on [...]

Pages: 5

Words: 1287

Essay

Email and Voicemail Monitoring, Essay Example

When it comes to email and voicemail monitoring, it is important to consider the implications of these actions on behalf of both the employee as [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 340

Essay

Description of Place: A Forest, Essay Example

The logic behind the significance of specific locations to individuals inevitably varies. Some places may hold pertinence since they are the sites of important personal [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 315

Essay

Quality Management System, Essay Example

Customer needs and expectations are the products any customer attaches to a company and knows that he or she will get it when need arises. [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 337

Essay

What Does It Take To Be a Good Parent Assignment, Essay Example

The issue of what does it take to be a good parent is contentious, insofar as the thematic remains susceptible to subjective interpretations. One may [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 330

Essay

Human Rights Violations and the Legal System, Essay Example

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (hereinafter: UDHR), advanced by the United Nations General Assembly in 1947, was a watershed moment, insofar as with this [...]

Pages: 4

Words: 1122

Essay

The Critical Consulting Firm, Essay Example

Week 5 Issues The CanGo operation provides interesting insights into, unfortunately, how to conduct employee relations poorly. This is obviously not the company’s intent; on [...]

Pages: 5

Words: 1287

Essay

Get a Free E-Book ($50 in value)

Get a Free E-Book

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!