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The Nutrition Post, Essay Example

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Essay

How can only an extra 200 calories a day result in overweight?

The concept of obesity is a result of eating too much food and not taking enough daily exercise. Modern society actually encourages poor diets and insufficient exercise. In 2003 research illustrated that Americans were eating more than 200 additional calories per day and this resulting in weight gain and obesity.  This is compounded where people work in offices with a sedentary lifestyle and don’t take the required amount of exercise in order to burn off excess calorific intake.  Cutting just 100 excess calories per day will result in an overall weight reduction of 10lbs in one year, whereas a cut of 500 calories per day can reduce body weight by as much as 50 pounds in a year.  Walking briskly for just 20 minutes per day will lead to a body weight loss of 10 pounds per year whereas a 60 minute walk burns off around 300 calories leading to a body weight reduction of about 30 pounds in a year. (Saris)

Explain the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

In Canada more than 3 million Canadians have diabetes, or almost one in 10 people.  There are three main types of diabetes.  Type I diabetes, which is normally found in children and adolescents.  This is where the pancreas is not able to produce enough insulin.  Type II diabetes is where the pancreas fails to provide sufficient insulin and mainly develops in adults.  The third type is gestational diabetes, a condition that can occur during pregnancy.  It has been said to impact 2 to 4% of all pregnancies.  If diabetes is left untreated it can result in a number of complications, for example: heart disease, keep the disease, eye disease, impotence, and nerve damage.  Adults on most at risk over the age of 40. (Medical News Today)

Scientist’s state, the best method of preventing diabetes is normally lifestyle change.  That is to have a healthy meal plan.  Control your weight and take plenty of exercise.  If you’re diagnosed with diabetes.  It normally involves some lifestyle change.  Lifestyle change normally unfolds in approved physical activity to help lower blood pressure and glucose levels.  Also to promote weight loss and reduce stress with the overall objective of enhancing physical fitness.  You true should also play a vital role in helping you to regulate blood glucose levels.  Your doctor will prescribe the type of balanced diets that you will be required to follow in order to manage your condition.  Medications may also become an important portion of your routine, for example: type I diabetes is always treated with insulin, whereas type II diabetes is managed through physical activity and meal planning.  Type II may also require insulin to help your body control of blood glucose more effectively.  It is also important to manage blood pressure at a consistent level of 130/80 or below.  Hypertension is often associated with high blood pressure, and this will be treated by medication. (Medical News Today)

Why might a sodium restricted diet be unpleasant for a client?

Sodium restricted diets limit the intake of the amount of sodium (salt) that reaches tissues and subsequently prevents the accumulation of fluids that encourage a loss of body water. These types of diets are most appropriate to those who suffer from items like hypertension, congestive heart failure, Liver and Renal disease.  It can be somewhat unpleasant for a client because it poses rather a strict regime on the amounts and types of food for consumption. (Machowsky)

Describe a hiatal hernia. Name its symptoms and possible treatment

This condition is an abnormality of the stomach where part of the stomach sticks out through the diaphragm into the chest. This is generally causes by an esophageal hiatus that is larger than normal.  This creates an opening where it is possible for part of the stomach to slip into the chest. Treatment is accomplished through surgery; it involves the pulling down of the stomach into the abdomen and the esophageal hiatus being reduced in size. (Simic)

Works Cited

Machowsky, Jason. Foods That are Suitable for People Who Have Renal or Kidney Failure. 28 3 2011. 15 9 2012.

Medical News Today. What Is The Difference Between Diabetes 1 And Diabetes 2? 2012. http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7504.php. 15 9 2012.

Saris, Wim H.M. “Very-Low-Calorie Diets and Sustained Weight Loss.” Obesity Vol 9 (2001): 295-301. Journal.

Simic, P.J. Hiatal Hernia. 2012. http://www.emedicinehealth.com/hiatal_hernia/article_em.htm. 15 9 2012.

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