Over the course of this study, a series of tests will be performed on African American women both living with and without diabetes. The sample will include roughly three hundred women depending on the baseline effect (Franz, 2003). Should results appear to be skewed, the sample size will be adjusted accordingly to provide a better overall sample of intervention methodologies. The study will be based on two different types of qualitative and quantitative results. The first research method will be to take basic clinical data at the baseline from women to explore the nature of physiological performance i.e. insulin blood level, body weight, blood pressure and family history (Liburd, 2003). In accordance with quantitative research methods, these statistics will be used to track the progress of treatments on the advancement of physiological bodily processes both positive and negative. These statistics will be followed up with bi-monthly recurring visits over the course of two years for diabetic and non-diabetic women to track potential trends during the intervention strategies. Trends of weight loss, eating habits and diabetes biological markers will be examined and analyzed for various rates of improvement.
Furthermore, the study will contain a qualitative measure in the form of a series of interviews at various time intervals throughout the study. The goal of the interviews is to examine the psychological factors associated with the subject’s past personal history with weight loss efforts and exercise efforts, if any previously existed (Franz, 2003). A subsequent comparison analysis will be conducted to determine biological results in conjunction with the oral responses during the course of the interview. Ultimately, the goal of this study will be to assess how the intervention strategies conducted throughout the study have changed subjects’ weight, insulin levels, glycemic levels and self-perception associated with weight loss and exercise (PubMed Health, 2011). These results will be carefully analyzed in cooperation with the subjects and careful analysis of physical, social and biological changes throughout the two-year period of time.
PubMed Health. (2011). Type 2 Diabetes. Retrieved from
Womenshealth.gov. (2010). Minority Women’s Health. Retrieved from
Black Women’s Health Imperative. (2009). Black Women & Diabetes- More Than a Little Sugar.
Retrieved from http://www.blackwomenshealth.org/issues-and-resources/black-women-diabetes-
Liburd, L. (2003). Food, Identity, and African-Ameican Women With Type 2 Diabetes: An Anthropological Perspective. Diabetes Spectrum, 16(3), 160-165. doi:10.2337/diaspect.16.3.160
Franz, M. (2007). The Dilemma of Weight Loss in Diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum, 20(3), 133-136. doi:10.2337/diaspect.20.3.133