Back to School Offer

Get 20% of Your First Order amount back in Reward Credits!

Get 20% of Your First Orderback in Rewards

All papers examples
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)
HIRE A WRITER!
Paper Types
Disciplines
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)

A Decrease in Bullying, Research Paper Example

Pages: 3

Words: 840

Research Paper

Bullying has been around for many years. According to the Merriam-Webster’s dictionary, bullying means to treat another person abusively either in the form of actions or words. Not only has this form of mistreatment been around for many years, but it is also one of major discussion in our society and in our schools. Much of the research we have found deals with the victims of bullying; however, this paper will shed a little light on the perpetrators and explain how easy it is to decrease the amount of bullying in our society.

Reijntjes, Vermande, Olthof, Goossens, Van de Schoot, Aleva, and Van der Meulen (2013) state that the purpose of their research was to identify the costs and benefits of bullying during children’s last few years of elementary school. For this correlational study, there were 394 children from 12 separate elementary schools. 53% of these children were girls. Throughout the stages of the research, the children were in the 4th through 6th grades. According to Reijntjes et al. (2013), “five distinct forms of bullying were assessed, including physical (e.g. pushing), property attacks (e.g., taking away personal property), verbal (e.g., scolding), direct relational (e.g. excluding someone), and indirect relational (e.g. gossiping)” (n.p.). These forms were assessed by questionnaires given to the children. Popularity and social acceptance can be seen as the independent variables in this case whereas the dependent variable is bullying. The most important findings for this study include the following:

Bullying and internalizing symptoms decreased from T1 to T2, whereas self-perceived social competence increased between T1 and T2. From T2 to T3, internalizing symptoms showed a modest decrease, while self-perceived social competence ratings increased (Reijntjes et al., 2013, n.p.).

What this means is that, in the beginning stages of the study, bullying and negative feelings decreased and continued to do so throughout the other stages of the study. However, self-perceived social competence (understanding their own social roles) tended to increase as they got older. “Some studies have found that bullying increases with age and peaks in early-to-middle adolescence. In contrast, large-scale surveys of the prevalence of bullying have revealed a decrease from childhood through adolescence” (Reijntjes et al., 2013, n.p.). Finally, the biggest limitation was that this study was predominantly Caucasian pre-adolescents though there were many others as well.

Pryce and Frederickson (2011) state that the purpose of their research was to “investigate the launch of a commitment-focused anti-bullying initiative, the Anti-Bullying Pledge Scheme (ABPS)” in order to address specific research questions (p. 186). There were 338 individuals in this study, 178 males and 160 females between the ages of 8 and 11 years old. Teachers that worked directly with these students also participated in the study. “Qualitative data were collected through a focus group of six children in each school” through questionnaires and focus-group activities (Pryce and Frederickson, p. 188). Pryce and Frederickson (2011) state:

Variables selected for investigation were derived from the theory of planned behavior (TPB). The TPB proposes that human behavior is controlled by three types of belief, behavioral beliefs (beliefs about the likely consequence of the behavior), normative beliefs (beliefs about the normative expectations of others, and control beliefs (beliefs about presence of factors that can facilitate, or impede, the performance of the behavior) (p. 184).

In this particular study, the independent variable is the classroom climate where the dependent variables include class cohesiveness, friction, satisfaction, competition, and difficulty. The results of this study were just as expected. “As hypothesized, decreases in bullying and victimization were associated with positive changes in sense of school belonging and classroom climate” (Pryce and Frederickson, 2011, p. 196). Teachers that are involved in the positive classroom climate of their students have more students state that they are bullied less. There were a few limitations to the study including the exclusivity of the data as it only focused on direct bullying, all the schools were volunteers and not randomly assigned, and the sample size was very small. The findings within this study show that the benefits of bullying for the perpetrators can be very limited if the teachers do their jobs.

In conclusion, through these studies, we see that bullying can be very beneficial for the perpetrators because they feel powerful by behaving in such negative manners. However, we also see that this can be stopped with the teacher’s ability to make the classroom climate positive without bullies attempting to sabotage other children’s social self and well-being. These studies have taught me a little more about how bullying starts as well as how it continues. It helps me understand how I can put a stop to it myself when needed. This will help me for many years to come.

References

Albert, R., Vermande, M., Olthof, T., Goossens, F. A., Van De Schoot, R., Aleva, L., & Van Der Meulen, M. (2013). Costs and benefits of bullying in the context of the peer group: A three way longitudinal analysis. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, doi: 10.1007/s10802-013-9759-3

Pryce, S., & Frederickson, N. (2011). Bullying behavior, intentions and classroom ecology. Learning Environment Research, 16, 183-199. doi: 10.1007/s10984-013-9137-7

Time is precious

Time is precious

don’t waste it!

Get instant essay
writing help!
Get instant essay writing help!
Plagiarism-free guarantee

Plagiarism-free
guarantee

Privacy guarantee

Privacy
guarantee

Secure checkout

Secure
checkout

Money back guarantee

Money back
guarantee

Related Research Paper Samples & Examples

Health Reasons for Abortion, Research Paper Example

Abortion remains one of the most controversial subjects in the world, as some people support that it should be freedom while others believe it is [...]

Pages: 3

Words: 720

Research Paper

Indigenous Caribbean Art, Research Paper Example

Introduction The portrayal of cultural characteristics that are important to the populations that are native to that location is a common feature of the indigenous [...]

Pages: 9

Words: 2341

Research Paper

Jean Lamarr, Research Paper Example

Introduction Different cultures have different ways of fostering creativity and imagination. However, since people might be impacted by values and norms from different cultures, artists [...]

Pages: 5

Words: 1511

Research Paper

The Oppression of Indigenous People in Layli Long Soldier’s Whereas, Research Paper Example

Introduction Colonization perpetrated the oppression of indigenous communities. Also, the struggle against cultural imperialism lay at the heart of oppression as the culture of native [...]

Pages: 7

Words: 2029

Research Paper

Reviled and Loved Prompt, Research Paper Example

Introduction The media and channels of communication are vital in passing information in a society (Lovari et al., 2020, p315-p328). The information is specifically addressed [...]

Pages: 7

Words: 1948

Research Paper

B.S in Applied Psychology, Research Paper Example

Major Description and Reasons for Its Choice My major or area of interest is Applied Psychology. This bachelor’s degree enables an individual to analyze the [...]

Pages: 2

Words: 558

Research Paper

Health Reasons for Abortion, Research Paper Example

Abortion remains one of the most controversial subjects in the world, as some people support that it should be freedom while others believe it is [...]

Pages: 3

Words: 720

Research Paper

Indigenous Caribbean Art, Research Paper Example

Introduction The portrayal of cultural characteristics that are important to the populations that are native to that location is a common feature of the indigenous [...]

Pages: 9

Words: 2341

Research Paper

Jean Lamarr, Research Paper Example

Introduction Different cultures have different ways of fostering creativity and imagination. However, since people might be impacted by values and norms from different cultures, artists [...]

Pages: 5

Words: 1511

Research Paper

The Oppression of Indigenous People in Layli Long Soldier’s Whereas, Research Paper Example

Introduction Colonization perpetrated the oppression of indigenous communities. Also, the struggle against cultural imperialism lay at the heart of oppression as the culture of native [...]

Pages: 7

Words: 2029

Research Paper

Reviled and Loved Prompt, Research Paper Example

Introduction The media and channels of communication are vital in passing information in a society (Lovari et al., 2020, p315-p328). The information is specifically addressed [...]

Pages: 7

Words: 1948

Research Paper

B.S in Applied Psychology, Research Paper Example

Major Description and Reasons for Its Choice My major or area of interest is Applied Psychology. This bachelor’s degree enables an individual to analyze the [...]

Pages: 2

Words: 558

Research Paper

Get a Free E-Book ($50 in value)

Get a Free E-Book

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!