Back to School Offer

Get 20% of Your First Order amount back in Reward Credits!

Get 20% of Your First Orderback in Rewards

All papers examples
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)
HIRE A WRITER!
Paper Types
Disciplines
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)

Risk and Protective Factors, Essay Example

Pages: 2

Words: 638

Essay

Abstract

Risk and protective factors transcend cultures, age groups as well as generations. Psychologically, they affect relationships and instigate establishment of legislations aimed at protecting people of all cultures from eminent catastrophes. These range from accidents towards, toxic substances/ interactions; environments so labeled, people displaying tendencies that will jeopardize the life of others as well as health conditions. In the novel, “There are no children here’ Alex Kotlowitz (1991) relates the risk of being exposed to injustice by a system designed to protect citizens from risky environments. Can protective factors in themselves place one at risk?

Child Risk Factors

According to Davies (2010) a child is at risk even before birth. (Davies, 2010). InAlex Kotlowitz’s (1991) “There are no children here’ Lafeyette and Pharoah, 11 and 9 years old, respectively, after surviving the trauma of birth, toddler and preschool years, have found themselves at severe risks of their social environment. They have been socialized into a psychology of welfare residing in a gang oriented, drug infested project culture neighborhood (Kotlowitz, 1991)

Child Protective factors

Davies (2010) emphasizes that the first attempts at protecting a child is through proper prenatal care and placing the mother in a socially acceptable environment to ensure safety (Davies, 2010). In the case ofLafeyette and Pharoah, 11 and 9 years of age, the only reasonably protection which could have been afforded them at that time was closing their minds to the vices within thesurrounding social structure.

Family Risk factors

The obvious family risk factors in this story, ‘There are no Children here’ lay in the family structure in itself as well as the solo-economic status of the family. There is a single parent mother who cannot earn enough to provide for her children. Besides, one of the eight already turns to prostitution to support her drug addiction. This increases the risk of the more productive children teaming up with others who commit crimes in terms of peer group associations (Davies’ 2010).

Family Protective factors

Davies (2010) points towards the strength in a family structure as a basis of psychological well being (Davies, 2010). In nuclear families where there are both parents, the structure tends to be more stabled than a single parent woman with eight children and a visiting partner. Even an extended unit including grandparents; aunts, uncles is stronger compared to the conditions of 11 and 9 year oldLafeyette and Pharoah(Kotlowitz, 1991).

Social Environmental risk factors

Alex Kotlowitz (1991) “There are no children here’ unfolds the novel sensitizing  readers towards the social environmentof 11 and 9 year old Lafeyette and Pharoah; their siblings inclusive of the triplets only four when the books opensand single parent mother, Lajoe. At the onset the audience is alerted to the fears ofLafeyette and Pharoah the more productive offsprings.

They live in the projects where there are numerous risk factors including gangs; drug usage; drug trading, prostitution, crimes and very few positive examples. Form Davies (2010) psychology of childhood development as it pertains to environmental risk factors, this increases the possibility ofLafeyette and Pharoah immersing into this environmental culture despite their alternative view of life( Davies 2010).

Social environmental protective factors

It can be concluded from the squeal of events in this novel that Lafeyette and Pharoah regardless of the environment took advantage of opportunities that would foster a life style inconsistent with which they were socialized or forced into conformity.This in itself served as a social environmental protective factor designed for by them for their ultimate good.

In reality Kotlowitz (1991) highlighted that while Davies’ (2010) analysis of childhood development is aligned to the outcome inLafeyette and Pharaoh’s circumstances; social structure politics, insidiously can become so corrupt to stagnate these outcomes and retard positive growth. Precisely, social structure politics was supposed to offer protection for these very risk factors.

References

Davies Douglas (2010).Childhood Development (3rd ed) New York:  The Guilford Press.

Kotlowitz Alex (1991). There are no children here. New York: Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group.

Time is precious

Time is precious

don’t waste it!

Get instant essay
writing help!
Get instant essay writing help!
Plagiarism-free guarantee

Plagiarism-free
guarantee

Privacy guarantee

Privacy
guarantee

Secure checkout

Secure
checkout

Money back guarantee

Money back
guarantee

Related Essay Samples & Examples

Effect of Reducing Caffeine Intake on Birth Weight and Length of Gestation, Essay Example

Background to the paper Recent research has shown scientific evidence that prenatal nutrition is associated with the health of the pregnant women as well as [...]

Pages: 13

Words: 3553

Essay

People and Environment, Essay Example

Would people have changed if they were living in an extremely harsh and severe environment? The changes might have been physical or mental or both [...]

Pages: 4

Words: 1175

Essay

Islamic Curriculum in AYA School, Essay Example

Islamic Curriculum The United States of America is well-known as the country of many freedoms. For this reason, many people in other countries aspire to [...]

Pages: 5

Words: 1481

Essay

A Life Between the Lines of Arabic Literature, Essay Example

What is the significance of the theme of colonization in the novel Season Of Migration To The North? The novel Season of Migration to the [...]

Pages: 6

Words: 1540

Essay

Out of Albania: From Crisis Migration to Social Inclusion in Italy, Essay Example

Personal Growth Project Even though people in the world become closer and connected to each other and even though there are several ways to easily [...]

Pages: 6

Words: 1581

Essay

Alibaba.com, Essay Example

Introduction Open Sesame, a well-known line that has been engrained in pop culture references and vocabulary since the tale of those memorable words. Even more [...]

Pages: 9

Words: 2380

Essay

Effect of Reducing Caffeine Intake on Birth Weight and Length of Gestation, Essay Example

Background to the paper Recent research has shown scientific evidence that prenatal nutrition is associated with the health of the pregnant women as well as [...]

Pages: 13

Words: 3553

Essay

People and Environment, Essay Example

Would people have changed if they were living in an extremely harsh and severe environment? The changes might have been physical or mental or both [...]

Pages: 4

Words: 1175

Essay

Islamic Curriculum in AYA School, Essay Example

Islamic Curriculum The United States of America is well-known as the country of many freedoms. For this reason, many people in other countries aspire to [...]

Pages: 5

Words: 1481

Essay

A Life Between the Lines of Arabic Literature, Essay Example

What is the significance of the theme of colonization in the novel Season Of Migration To The North? The novel Season of Migration to the [...]

Pages: 6

Words: 1540

Essay

Out of Albania: From Crisis Migration to Social Inclusion in Italy, Essay Example

Personal Growth Project Even though people in the world become closer and connected to each other and even though there are several ways to easily [...]

Pages: 6

Words: 1581

Essay

Alibaba.com, Essay Example

Introduction Open Sesame, a well-known line that has been engrained in pop culture references and vocabulary since the tale of those memorable words. Even more [...]

Pages: 9

Words: 2380

Essay

Get a Free E-Book ($50 in value)

Get a Free E-Book

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!