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The Hidden Sources of Sodium in Job’s Diet, Case Study Example

Pages: 3

Words: 695

Case Study

Reading labels and the ingredients would enable one to identify hidden sources of sodium. Sodium intake does not mean salted food; some of the processed food like bread contains sodium (Sheviak, 2009).

What fluid and electrolyte imbalances could be happening in his body?

Too much water in the body that is not balanced by the kidney would cause the fluid imbalance. When blood levels of sodium are too much (hypernatremia), and are usually originated by a loss of body fluid or dehydration also consequences fluid imbalance. It can happen with the use of diuretics, usually prescribed for high blood pressure or congestive heart malfunction. The first indication is usually desire of water, followed by fatigue and weakness. If a high sodium condition is not treated, it can cause confusion, coma, and paralysis. A raise in fluids intake, is usually prescribed.

What information about Job’s lack of activity could benefit him in the future?

Advice him to put his feet up to foster circulation; put his feet up at regular intervals during the day and rotate the ankles recurrently to avoid fluid build-up in his legs. Wearing support stockings can also assist. Reduce the quantity of salt in the diet and consume more potassium-rich foods. The fluid controlling action of the kidneys concerns the dual circulation action of potassium and sodium. The advice or information that would assist Job would be a regular exercise. This he can manage at work by doing simple body stretches and checking seating posture. Walking longer distance when out of office is another exercise practice he can embrace. Diet check would also assist him to reduce the weight and, therefore, reduce some of the problems he is experiencing.

What prepared foods could Job utilize in his diet that would not interfere with his sodium restriction?

Whole foods can rapidly reduce sodium intake without experiencing a major disparity in foods tastes. This cannot only assist you lower blood pressure but also decrease bloating, not to mention the value a world of herbs and spices to spice up food. Garlic and onion powder are exceptional substitutes for salt in salty recipes, especially onion powder. Both provide the taste of salty savor without the addition of sodium. Check the label to be sure no salt has been supplemented.

What main topics would you want to share with Job as a healthcare provider so that he understands the no-salt added diet?

A modest decrease in dietary salt would reduce daytime blood pressure by 6.8 mm Hg diastolic and 12.1 mm Hg systolic in patients with hypertension not getting anti-hypertensive medications. Blood pressure at night is slightly lower. The level of sodium ingestion per day and dietary guidelines is another topic of concern. This can make the disparity between a low sodium diet and a no-salt diet. Daily sodium intake restriction level should be observed also nutrition fact labels on the package monitored to calculate sodium concentration in recipes. The advantages of checking sodium intake also healthy practices that would help him check his health.

Explain the importance of drinking water even while having edema in his hands and feet?

The body is constituted of about sixty percent of water. About two-thirds of the liquid is located within the cells, and about eight percent is in the bloodstream. Fundamentally, when water loss equals water intake, the body is in fluid balance.

What foods should Job stay away from?

Simply keeping away from pre-salted foods and not adding salt to meals can consequence in a modest but statistically noteworthy reduction, in blood pressure. The processed food and ready packed foods have sodium in them even though not salted. These kinds of foodstuffs should be avoided by job.

Why is it important for Job to control his hypertension?

It is very expensive to manage and treat consequences of hypertension.

What are some consequences of uncontrolled hypertension?

Hypertension contributes to the deterioration of kidney function over time. High blood pressure also contributes to other complications, such as stroke and heart disease (Weil, 2011).

References

Sheviak, K. (2009). How to Find Hidden Salt in Your Diet: Reduce Your Sodium Intake by Knowing Where Salt is hiding. Retrieved on 12th November 2011 from http://karen-       sheviak.suite101.com/how-to-find-hidden-salt-in-your-diet-a159142

Weil, J. (2011). The Importance of Controlling Hypertension, retrieved on 12th November 2011 from http://www.aakp.org/aakp-library/Controlling-Hypertension/

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