Treatment of Substance Abuse in Society, Questionnaire Example

[ Q3.]  The approaches to the treatment of substance abuse have varied over the last 60 years. Shortly after the war these people were regarded as social misfits and outcasts of society.  The approach was more geared up to incarceration in mental asylums were they were treated but excluded from society.  The concept of rehabilitation was not high on the agenda and the mood was more towards that of containment and exclusion from society where they could do no harm.  This mood changed over the decades that followed between the 1960’s to present day. The current approach being more towards treating this as psychological illness and helping people with addictions to rehabilitate and kick the habit, with a view towards ultimately resuming their place in society.  (NIDA, 2010)

Drug abuse has become more of a societal problem and more associated with the poorer classes of people in large urban conurbations like Los Angeles, Detroit and Chicago. Addiction to Heroin and cocaine does not discriminate amongst social classes  In the USA there is a very diverse range of addicts who have become dependent upon the drug. In addition to the immediate health hazards like liver failure and the lethal risk of overdose.  Those that share needles also place themselves at serious risk of contracting other serious diseases like HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis. Trying to overcome heroin addiction on your own is virtually impossible. The best course of action is to get help from a prescribed treatment centre. (American Council for Drug Education, 1999).

[ Q4.]  1800 – 2010  |  Drug Intervention Example :- (Carson-DeWitt, 2012)

Time Period Drug Intervention Type Details
1800-1900 Asylum or Sanatorium Confinement and social inclusion; stigma
1900 -1945 Mental Hygiene Community Centre rehabilitation programs
1945-1960 Rehabilitation Centres Formal Rehabilitation program – treated as illness
1960-2010 Social Rehabilitation Programs Treatment by use of inhibitor drugs like Methadone

 

References

American Council for Drug Education. (1999). Why woory about drugs and alcohol in the workplace. Retrieved 1 8, 2012, from http://www.acde.org/employer/DAwork.htm

Carson-DeWitt, R. (2012, 1 8). Treatment, History of, in The United States. Retrieved from Encyclopedia of Drugs, Alcohol, and Addictive Behavior: <http://www.enotes.com/treatment-history-united-states-reference

NIDA. (2010). What are the treatments? Retrieved 1 1, 2012, from NIDA: http://www.nida.nih.gov/researchreports/heroin/heroin5.html