The primary focus of the chapter is on concentrating on four primary questions that are needed to be given attention to when investigating about particular aircraft accidents. These four questions include (a) was the engine a factor in the accident? ; (b) was engine running? ; (c) was engine developing power; (d) was the engine operating normally? Giving attention to these four primary questions impose that a large condition of operations that cause anomalies on aircraft management depend on the condition of operation that the engine performs. In relation to these questions, particular parts of the aircraft shall be checked accordingly. Some of the parts noted in the chapter include overall physical damage on the aircraft which is focused on investigating over the pre and post impact damage on the different physical attributes of the vessel. Checking for foreign objects is also essential as it would indicate whether or not there were some external elements that could have contributed to the accident’s occurrence.
Another part to examine includes propeller damage. This section of the chapter shows that at least 45% of the general accidents happening on air could be attributed by problems caused by damage on propellers. Such damages could include tip curls, bending of the propellers, breakage of the area, existence of scratches and slash marks and also that of the placing of the blade angle which could redirect the plane’s path through air control. Understanding this part of the function of the propellers shall provide the investigators a chance to seek the issues that might have caused the accident’s occurrence based on imbalanced function on the said part of the aircraft.
Another focus of concern is the measurement of fuel deliver. Aircraft operators are supposed to check on the rate of fuel delivery that the aircraft has and the measurement of fuel it has before they take off. Along with this is the assurance of the fuel system’s integrity before the aircraft flies on air. Through checking fuel delivery records, investigators would be able to see if it was the fuel operation systems that caused the accident or if it is the negligence on the part of the operators and the maintenance engineers.
It could be analyzed that in this chapter, a focus on the two most common sources of aircraft problems has been given attention to. The propellers and the fuel systems control have been considered by investigators as among the most common issues that aircrafts undergo while on air before they crash. Relatively, it could be analyzed that through reading this chapter, it is easier to understand how particular accidents could have been avoided if simple areas of the aircraft have been given specific attention to.
It could be learned through this chapter that fuel filtering and all the different types of system operation it undergoes before it could be considered viable for the support of a flying aircraft plays a great role on assuring the safety of the passengers that want to travel on air. Operators specifically give attention to how well they monitor the physical attributes of their aircraft. Along with this, checking the fuel rate and keeping good record of matters relating to it shall give the operators a chance to control whatever specific conditions of safety precautions should be given specific attention.
On the part of the investigators’ chance to better handle their job, this chapter provides a detailed condition of questioning and examination that they should take into account as they tend to consider when noting the different options of sources by which the accidents develop. Relatively, it could be understood that somehow, the manner by which the chapter handles the key information on both operation and investigation on aircrafts and the accidents thy incur, proper knowledge on how to take care and maintain an aircraft’s integrity is developed further upon the readers of this section of the reading.