AIDS is one of the leading deadliest epidemic killer diseases ever diagnosed in the modern history. Over the years since this disease was diagnosed, efforts have been done to discover its treatment but they have not been fruitful. The disease primarily spread through blood transfusion, sexual contact, deep kissing, wound to wound and mother to unborn baby has become a global issue of concern after tireless research to discover its cure. Since its discovery many efforts have been done in the medical research to prevent its spread by implementing various drugs to sustain the affected victims as well as give them an opportunity to live as healthy human beings. In spite of enormous efforts to treat people infected with HIV/AIDS in particular developing countries, AIDS still remains an incurable disease coupled with hunger and malnutrition (Alan, 2009).
Research indicates that an estimated population of 29.4 million remains infected with HIV/AIDS especially in the developing countries. Since many people infected with HIV/AIDS remain healthy for longer periods of time without showing overt signs of HIV, it is difficult to detect this kind of disease resulting to more infections all over the world. HIV/AIDS has various potential effects to the society and to the economy in general. Studies indicate that AIDS has a potential to create severe economic impacts because in most cases it tends to affect the productive age between 25-35 years. The economic effects caused by HIV/AIDS are experienced in terms of labor supply shortage and increased costs. Additionally, the current estimates indicate that AIDS has in the recent years had a great impact on mortality, lives have been lost to the epidemic and research indicates that the effect is expected to intensify in the future (Alan, 2009).
What should be done to help the situation?
Though, efforts have been done to prevent the spread of this disease, it still remains a global issue which needs to be addressed. Many countries have implemented programs to address the issue of HIV/AIDS, there is still more to be done to prevent as well as reduce its spread. To address the issue of HIV/AIDS it is important that following measures are taken; First and foremost new programs should be implemented to prevent new infections through the provision of proper education, voluntary counseling and testing as well as community communication. Additionally, efforts should be done to improve services and treatment of HIV/AIDS patients, educating them on effective ways to take care of themselves as well as how to prevent spreading the disease to other partners. Various organizations should implement work-based programs aimed at preventing new infections among its employees. Efforts should be done to protect human rights in particular those of effected individuals by ensuring that they are not stigmatized or discriminated within governments, commercial as well as private sectors. Additionally, development project should be designed appropriately because some project may indirectly facilitate the spread of AIDS (Alan, 2009).
Special prevention programs should be implemented in particular where commercial sexual activities are constantly done. This is primarily meant to engage the commercial workers in active economy activities and prevent them from engaging in sexual activities as a way of earning a living. Governments and Non-governmental organizations should implement special programs which can reduce the impact of AIDS. Such programs may comprise of paying school fees for poor children hence helping them to stay in school and avoid deterioration by engaging in early marriages and sexual activities (Alan, 2009). Governments should provide basic needs to poor families to reduce incidences of such families engaging in sexual activities as a way of earning income. Such programs may comprise of food programs, children support and educational expenses hence in the end helping to reduce the spread f HIV/AIDS.
Alan S. M (2009).Impact of aids on a society. New York: Wiley and Sons.