Back to School Offer

Get 20% of Your First Order amount back in Reward Credits!

Get 20% of Your First Orderback in Rewards

All papers examples
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)
HIRE A WRITER!
Paper Types
Disciplines
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)

Modern Chinese Prose, Essay Example

Pages: 2

Words: 480

Essay

With the fall of the Qing dynasty in 1911, China faced an uncertain future. Indeed, not only did the imperial political system fall, but perhaps more importantly: Chinese intellectuals started to question the cultural and literary underpinnings that gave rise to that structure. The “May Fourth Movement”, composed of writers and intellectuals, explicitly called into question the past in order to forge a new future; the movement held profound implications for the cultural and political future of the country, with each intellectual stressing different ways to innovate.

For Lu Xun, China’s dependency on the past was literally a pathology. Xun’s general training in science, and specific training in medicine, proved an apt metaphor for his role as China’s cultural and literary doctor- pointing out how outdated cultural practices and superstition was carcinogenic, slowly killing the country as its geographical neighbors (such as Japan) rose to technological and global prominence. Xun’s “Preface to a call of Arms” serves as a rallying document to wake up the moribund nation from a devastating sleep.

Hu Shi arguably was one of the main warriors of the May Fourth Movement. Hu was the consummate scholar and writer, proposing a new means to democratize the language, which did not necessarily involve classical language. Hu innovated in new areas of poetry, prose, and reporting. This spirit is clearly seen in Hu’s “Some modest proposals for the reform of literature” in which he tries to recalibrate the arc of Chinese literature to be more readable and meaningful for the masses- his second admonition in the piece “Do not imitate the ancients” serves as a symbolic indicator that he is focused on creating a national literature that focuses on what China should become in the future rather than the past.

Chen Duxiu, in many senses, served as a hybrid of the cultural effacements of Hu Shi and the political firebrand of Lu Xun. Duxiu was a key founding member of a new newspaper and magazine in Beijing that focused on promoting the broad goals of literary and cultural reform that infused the May Fourth movement. His “On Literary Revolution” serves as a powerful manifesto that the powerful of literature was not only to effect the hearts and minds of the nation, but could also serve as the platform for greater political revolution.

Qian Zongshu continued on similar themes of Xun, Shi, and Duxiu: His “Reverse Symbolism” served as a powerful rereading of ancient texts in a modern context.

Overall, although each of these figures stressed a different and unique element of literary and cultural revolution, together they pushed forward an agenda that led to profound change in the nation’s future.

References

Duxiu, C. (1919). On Literary Revolution.

Qian, ZS. (1917). Reverse Symbolism: on The Ge革 (The Symbol of Change)” in Limited Views.

Shi, H., “Some Modest Proposals for the Reform of Literature,” in Modern Chinese Literary Thought: Writings on Literature, 1893-1945.

Xun, L. (1916). “Preface to Call to Arms.”

Time is precious

Time is precious

don’t waste it!

Get instant essay
writing help!
Get instant essay writing help!
Plagiarism-free guarantee

Plagiarism-free
guarantee

Privacy guarantee

Privacy
guarantee

Secure checkout

Secure
checkout

Money back guarantee

Money back
guarantee

Related Essay Samples & Examples

Multinational vs Multicultural, Essay Example

The main difference between a multinational and a multicultural organization is that a multinational operates in several countries while a multicultural has individuals from diverse [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 378

Essay

Prevent terrorist strikes on American soil, Essay Example

Goal, Objectives, and Strategies The Department’s goal is to protect the homeland by thwarting terrorist threats and implementing emergency plans. These are the Department’s top [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 412

Essay

Science and Technology and Nation-Building, Essay Example

Science plays a pivotal role in technology. The combination of science and technology (S&T) results in the development of new knowledge used to improve human [...]

Pages: 3

Words: 768

Essay

Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates and the Historical Socrates, Essay Example

Socrates, the Athenian philosopher, changed how philosophers thought about the world. However, modern audiences believe that Socrates did not write any of his ideas down [...]

Pages: 5

Words: 1285

Essay

Ambiguity, Essay Example

The New Task I am Proposing My proposal is a promotion at work. I am a Business Development Associate at Universal New York, NY. My [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 278

Essay

Narratives That Shape Our World, Essay Example

The context and the values in the text Othello by William Shakespeare have shaped me in perspective through the main character Othello. I perceive life [...]

Pages: 6

Words: 1574

Essay

Multinational vs Multicultural, Essay Example

The main difference between a multinational and a multicultural organization is that a multinational operates in several countries while a multicultural has individuals from diverse [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 378

Essay

Prevent terrorist strikes on American soil, Essay Example

Goal, Objectives, and Strategies The Department’s goal is to protect the homeland by thwarting terrorist threats and implementing emergency plans. These are the Department’s top [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 412

Essay

Science and Technology and Nation-Building, Essay Example

Science plays a pivotal role in technology. The combination of science and technology (S&T) results in the development of new knowledge used to improve human [...]

Pages: 3

Words: 768

Essay

Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates and the Historical Socrates, Essay Example

Socrates, the Athenian philosopher, changed how philosophers thought about the world. However, modern audiences believe that Socrates did not write any of his ideas down [...]

Pages: 5

Words: 1285

Essay

Ambiguity, Essay Example

The New Task I am Proposing My proposal is a promotion at work. I am a Business Development Associate at Universal New York, NY. My [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 278

Essay

Narratives That Shape Our World, Essay Example

The context and the values in the text Othello by William Shakespeare have shaped me in perspective through the main character Othello. I perceive life [...]

Pages: 6

Words: 1574

Essay

Get a Free E-Book ($50 in value)

Get a Free E-Book

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!