Back to School Offer

Get 20% of Your First Order amount back in Reward Credits!

Get 20% of Your First Orderback in Rewards

All papers examples
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)
HIRE A WRITER!
Paper Types
Disciplines
Get a Free E-Book! ($50 Value)

The Feminization of the Community Corrections Work Force, Article Critique Example

Pages: 2

Words: 593

Article Critique

The article claims that while women participation in the labor force has increased, their representation in traditionally male-dominated professions including corrections continue to lag behind. The author believes that this low representation of women in professions such as corrections hints at the existence of discrimination against women regarding professional opportunities. In addition, not only low representation is an issue but even career advancement opportunities are rare for women. The article identifies several factors that limit the potential of women to professionally advance such as limited networking opportunities, exclusion by male colleagues, lack of mentors and other support systems, and limited access to informal cultures. Norfolk State University’s Department of Criminal Justice carried out a research in 2005 which sought to collect survey responses from 407 women including 12 chief probation and parole officers, 20 deputy chief officers, 292 probation and parole officers, and 20 surveillance officers. The overall response rate was 62 percent. The research questions addressed by the study included understanding historical trend of women participation in the corrections career, the current state of professional opportunities for women, and expected future trends (Holland, 2008).

The article states that the greatest proportion of women was found in probation and parole agencies at 52 percent and 50 percent in 1990 while the lowest was found at adult institutional agencies at 28 percent. The article implies that these rates indicate women are discriminated in certain professional areas of law enforcement but it is possible that these differential rates are more the outcome of the nature of work responsibilities rather than explicit discrimination. It is possible that men are more suited to the physical requirements of the job at adult institutional agencies. We do see high women participation rates at parole and probation agencies which may be due to the fact that these jobs are primarily administrative in nature.

The article also mentions that women employed after 1994 are more likely to apply for promotion (96 percent) as compared to women employed before 1994 (89 percent). Similarly, 85 percent of women hired after 1994 and 81 percent of women hired before 1994 emphasized the importance of networking and support systems for advanced career opportunities. 76 percent of women hired before 1994 received support from other women as compared to 71 percent for those hired before 1994. These statistics give important clues regarding one of the factors behind low presence of women in advanced positions. Women who joined corrections department before 1994 didn’t have women mentors to look to and they also lacked confidence regarding their own potential as compared to those hired after 1994. Thus, it is possible that they didn’t actively seek advancement opportunities in the first place due to little hope of getting them. Since they didn’t have access to support networks and mentors, they were at a competitive disadvantage as compared to their male counterparts.

I do agree with the author that barriers to promotional opportunities continue to exist in the corrections field as they do in many other professions but the low percentage of women in advanced positions is not entirely the outcome of limited opportunities and prejudice but has also been shaped by other factors such as specific requirements of certain positions including physical requirements and low average self-confidence among women that discouraged them from pursuing advancement opportunities. But I do believe with the author’s recommendations that in order to improve their prospects of advancing to higher positions, women do need to develop social and communication skills.

Reference

Holland, J. G. (2008, August). The Feminization of the Community Corrections Work Force. Corrections Today, pp. 44-47.

Time is precious

Time is precious

don’t waste it!

Get instant essay
writing help!
Get instant essay writing help!
Plagiarism-free guarantee

Plagiarism-free
guarantee

Privacy guarantee

Privacy
guarantee

Secure checkout

Secure
checkout

Money back guarantee

Money back
guarantee

Related Article Critique Samples & Examples

Feminist Perspectives on International Relations, Article Critique Example

In this article Tickner discusses the question about why international politics and relations has largely been the purview of men and how this has affected [...]

Pages: 2

Words: 519

Article Critique

Patrick Geddes Concepts of Community and Space in Smart Cities, Article Critique Example

Geddes’ logics pertaining to actualization, i.e. modelling, demarcation and realization, embody a form of ethical space where there is a self-regulating civic life existence. Geddes [...]

Pages: 7

Words: 1812

Article Critique

Is Genetic Testing Right for You and Your Family, Article Critique Example

In the history of human civilisation, one of the primary desires and obsessions of a human being was the desire of health and living a [...]

Pages: 3

Words: 720

Article Critique

Chronic Kidney Disease, Article Critique Example

The chronic kidney disease, CKD is a condition with common occurrence with high prevalence rates among the elderly people in the society. In most cases, [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 306

Article Critique

The Impact of Winter Heating on Air Pollution in China, Article Critique Example

Introduction Being exposed to fine particle matter over a long period of time has been linked to adverse health outcomes for many people in China. [...]

Pages: 2

Words: 554

Article Critique

Moms Who Eat Fiber-Rich Diets, Article Critique Example

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the incidence of asthma could be reduced by encouraging mothers to consume foods that are rich [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 306

Article Critique

Feminist Perspectives on International Relations, Article Critique Example

In this article Tickner discusses the question about why international politics and relations has largely been the purview of men and how this has affected [...]

Pages: 2

Words: 519

Article Critique

Patrick Geddes Concepts of Community and Space in Smart Cities, Article Critique Example

Geddes’ logics pertaining to actualization, i.e. modelling, demarcation and realization, embody a form of ethical space where there is a self-regulating civic life existence. Geddes [...]

Pages: 7

Words: 1812

Article Critique

Is Genetic Testing Right for You and Your Family, Article Critique Example

In the history of human civilisation, one of the primary desires and obsessions of a human being was the desire of health and living a [...]

Pages: 3

Words: 720

Article Critique

Chronic Kidney Disease, Article Critique Example

The chronic kidney disease, CKD is a condition with common occurrence with high prevalence rates among the elderly people in the society. In most cases, [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 306

Article Critique

The Impact of Winter Heating on Air Pollution in China, Article Critique Example

Introduction Being exposed to fine particle matter over a long period of time has been linked to adverse health outcomes for many people in China. [...]

Pages: 2

Words: 554

Article Critique

Moms Who Eat Fiber-Rich Diets, Article Critique Example

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the incidence of asthma could be reduced by encouraging mothers to consume foods that are rich [...]

Pages: 1

Words: 306

Article Critique

Get a Free E-Book ($50 in value)

Get a Free E-Book

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!

How To Write The Best Essay Ever!